Metadata for locality records

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Note. Please contact me by email (robert (dot) mesibov (at) gmail (dot) com) if you have a query about particular data items.

Number, gender and stadium (adult or juvenile) of specimens

   Given in full where known (e.g. '3M + 2F + 6 juv'). In other cases only the total number of specimens in the museum lot is currently known, or only that the sample contains a male or males (for example). In a few cases nothing is currently known about what the specimen lot contains, except that the lot has been identified to species.

Name of identifier

   For types, the name of the species author. Other identifier names are taken from museum records.


   See the museums page for a list of abbreviations used. NHRM? is used for Verhoeff types from the Mj√∂berg expeditions which are probably in the Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet in Stockholm.

   Specimens (including types) studied by the late C.A.W. Jeekel present special problems. I do not know where many of these specimen lots are currently located, and have entered a best guess. I am assuming that most of these uncertain lots are now held in the Naturalis Biodiversity Centre in Leiden.

Registration number

   From museum records, where available. Note that in some cases the registration numbers differ from those published in taxonomic papers, due to changes in repository numbering systems. I have tried to use the most recent numbering.

Type status

   From published works, but in some cases the nature of the type or types is uncertain.

Notes on specimens

   Besides specimen details (e.g. 'in 100% ethanol' or 'M in fragments') I have entered here some additional information included on the specimen lot label or in the museum record, such as the field code assigned to the lot by the collector.

Locality in words

   Generally from the specimen label or museum record. Text strings have been re-formatted for use in my databases.

State or Territory

   ACT = Australian Capital Territory
   CI = Christmas Island
   CK = Cocos (Keeling) Islands
   LHI = Lord Howe Island
   NI = Norfolk Island
   NSW = New South Wales
   NT = Northern Territory
   PI = Phillip Island
   Qld = Queensland
   SA = South Australia
   Tas = Tasmania
   Vic = Victoria
   WA = Western Australia


   Latitude and longitude are each given to 4 decimal places. These fields are blank if I judged the locality to be too vague to map (e.g. 'Queensland').


   This is the radius of a circle likely to contain the collection area defined by the latitude and longitude. I have estimated this figure conservatively, based on my knowledge of the data source and the methods used to locate the collecting site (see also GeoSource). The range is 25 m to 200 km.


   Where the latitude/longitude figures come from. Some of the figures were upgraded to better accuracy, or corrected, from museum or published records. To do the corrections and upgrades I used maps, online resources (such as Google Earth and LISTmap), gazetteers, reports of collections in the 'gray literature', and information from collectors, as well as my own judgement based on personal experience of collection areas and likely access routes.


   Elevation in metres is given where this information was available on labels, in museum records or in my own records. Figures were generalised to the nearest 10 m. Where I converted from feet to metres, the original figure in feet is in the notes on the collection event. Google Earth and LISTmap can be used to estimate a missing elevation for any locality defined in the latitude and longitude fields.

Date of collection

   Given as the day, month, and/or year of the collecting event, where known. If the collection event lasted more than one day (for example, pitfall trapping over several months), I have entered the last day of the event in these fields, and given the full collection period in the notes on the collection event.

Name of collector(s)

   Generally from the specimen label or museum record. Left blank if collector unknown.

Notes on collection event

   Generally from the specimen label or museum record. Text strings have been re-formatted for use in my databases.

Source(s) of record

   Literature records are referenced as on the bibliography page. Most records were sourced from museum databases. In some cases I used more than one source to compile the record. I am very grateful to curators at the Australian National Insect Collection, Australian Museum, Museum Victoria, Queensland Museum, South Australian Museum, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery and Western Australian Museum for access to museum records.

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