Sphaerotheriida: Cyliosomatidae: Cyliosoma species

 

Cyliosoma angulatum (Butler, 1878)

  • Cyliosoma angulatum
  • Sphaerotherium angulatum Butler 1878: 299 (first description)
    Butler, A.G. (1878) Descriptions of several new species of Myriopoda of the genera Sphaerotherium and Zephronia. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1878(4): 299-302.
  • Sphaerotherium angulatum Preudhomme de Borre 1884: 26 (in species catalogue)
    Preudhomme de Borre, A. (1884) Tentamen catalogi Glomeridarum hucusque descriptarum. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 1884: 19-28.
  • Sphaerotherium angulatum Pocock 1893: 130 (records S angulatum from 'Queensland' in Challenger Expedition material, but Jeekel (1986: 36) believes this identification was 'probably incorrect')
    Pocock, R.I. (1893) Report upon the Myriopoda of the 'Challenger' Expedition, with Remarks upon the Fauna of Bermuda. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (ser 6) 11(62): 121-142, pl. 9.
  • Cyliosoma angulatum Pocock 1895: 414 (new combination; designated as type species of Cyliosoma Pocock, 1895; gives distribution as 'Eastern Australia, New Zealand')
    Pocock, R.I. (1895) Descriptions of new genera of Zephroniidae, with brief preliminary Diagnoses of some new Species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (ser 6) 16(95): 409-415.
  • Sphaerotherium angulatum Brölemann 1913: 80 (lists as member of the genus Cyliosoma)
    Brölemann, H.W. (1913) The Myriapoda in the Australian Museum. Part ii. Diplopoda. Records of the Australian Museum 10(6): 77-158, pls 14-18.
  • Cyliosoma angulatum Attems 1914: 141 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Sphaerotherium angulatum Silvestri 1917: 61 (in species list, but Silvestri adds '= Cyliosoma angulatum')
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma angulatum Chamberlin 1920: 88 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Sphaerotherium angulatum Jeekel 1971: 24 (in genus catalogue as type of Cyliosoma)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1971) Nomenclator generum et familiarum Diplopodorum: a list of the genus and family-group names in the Class Diplopoda from the 10th edition of Linnaeus, 1758, to the end of 1957. Monografieën van de Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging 5: i-xii, 1-412. [Dated 1970, published 1971]
  • Cyliosoma angulatum Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Sphaerotherium angulatum Jeekel 1986: 36 (in species list as type of Cyliosoma), 39 (in list of species of uncertain generic status)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma angulatum Wesener 2014: 205 (redescription, lectotype designated); Figs 2 (p. 205), 8A-C (p. 11)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma angulatum Wesener 2016: 89 (in order catalogue); Fig. 8G (p. 16)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Lectotype: Female, Rockhampton, Qld, date and collector unknown, NHM 77.36 [-23.3770 150.5100 ±10 km]
  • Note: Butler (1878) mentions 2 specimens, but the paralectotype has not been located. Possibly collected by Amalie Dietrich for Museum Godeffroy; Dietrich was in Rockhampton in 1866 (Sumner 1993: 30)
 

Cyliosoma denticulatum Verhoeff, 1924

  • Cyliosoma denticulatum
  • Cyliosoma denticulatum Verhoeff 1928: 81 (in species keys)
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1928) On Diplopoda in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 16(2): 79-115, pls 6-12.
  • Cyliosoma denticulatum Jeekel 1981: 26 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Paracyliosoma) denticulatum Jeekel 1986: 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma denticulatum Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma denticulatum Wesener 2016: 89 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): 2 males, 1 juvenile female, Blackall Range, Qld, E. Mjöberg [1912 (Ferrier 2006: 2)], possibly in NHRM [-26.6870 152.8520 ±10 km]
 

Cyliosoma excavatum Verhoeff, 1928

  • Cyliosoma excavatum
  • Cyliosoma excavatum Verhoeff 1928: 80 (in species key), 81 (in species key, with first description), 84 (in species key); Figs 1-4, pl. 6
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1928) On Diplopoda in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 16(2): 79-115, pls 6-12.
  • Cyliosoma excavatum Jeekel 1981: 26 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) excavatum Jeekel 1986: 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma excavatum Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma excavatum Wesener 2016: 89 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Number and gender unknown, Upper Richmond River, NSW, April 1890, R. Helms, AM KS.76511 [-28.6210 153.0040 ±10 km]
  • Syntype(s): 1 female, locality uncertain, ZMB (Moritz and Fischer 1973)
  • Note: Verhoeff (1928: 82) described a male and female, but referred to 'Several specimens, some from the Upper Richmond River (April), some from an unknown locality'. 'E. excavatum appears to be very similar to E. froggatti, which was described from about the same locality. The differences between the two, mentioned in the key below, may be a matter of interpretation or were perhaps caused by the state of preservation of the material studied by the two authors. Actual comparison of the types is necessary to clarify this point.' (Jeekel 1986: 37)
 

Cyliosoma fraternum (Butler, 1872)

  • Cyliosoma fraternum
  • Sphaerotherium fraternum Butler 1872: 359 (first description)
    Butler, A.G. (1872) Descriptions of new Myriopoda of the family Glomeridae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (ser 4) 10: 354-359, pl. 18.
  • Sphaerotherium fraternum Butler 1873: 177 (in species list); Fig. 2, pl. 19
    Butler, A.G. (1873) A monographic revision of the genera Zephronia and Sphaerotherium, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873: 172-182, pl. 19.
  • Sphaerotherium fraternum Preudhomme de Borre 1884: 26 (in species catalogue)
    Preudhomme de Borre, A. (1884) Tentamen catalogi Glomeridarum hucusque descriptarum. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 1884: 19-28.
  • Sphaerotherium fraternum Attems 1914: 140 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Sphaerotherium fraternum Silvestri 1917: 61 (in species list, but Silvestri adds '=? Cyliosoma fraternum')
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma (?) fraternum Chamberlin 1920: 88 (in species catalogue; new combination)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • 'Sphaerotherium' fraternum Jeekel 1981: 27 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Sphaerotherium fraternum Jeekel 1986: 39 (in list of species of uncertain generic status)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma fraternum Wesener 2014: 199 (new combination), 208 (in taxonomic discussion)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma fraternum Wesener 2016: 89 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Holotype: Female, Victoria, date unknown, Dr Howitt, NHM BM1860.38
  • Paratype(s): None
 

Cyliosoma froggatti Silvestri, 1917

  • Cyliosoma froggatti
  • Cyliosoma (Cyliosoma) Froggatti Silvestri 1917: 68 (in species key), 70 (first description); Fig. 6 (p. 70)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma froggatti Chamberlin 1920: 87 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Cyliosoma froggatti Jeekel 1981: 26 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) froggatti Jeekel 1986: 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma froggatti Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma froggatti Wesener 2016: 89 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Males and females, number unknown, Richmond River, NSW, W.W. Froggatt, date unknown, repository unknown [-28.8670 153.5610 ±20 km]
  • Note: Jeekel: 'E. excavatum appears to be very similar to E. froggatti, which was described from about the same locality. The differences between the two, mentioned in the key below, may be a matter of interpretation or were perhaps caused by the state of preservation of the material studied by the two authors. Actual comparison of the types is necessary to clarify this point.' (1986: 37)
 

Cyliosoma kurandanum Chamberlin, 1920

  • Cyliosoma kurandanum
  • Cyliosoma kurandanum Chamberlin 1920: 85 (first description)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Cyliosoma kurandanum Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma kurandanum Jeekel 1986: 37 (in species list, 'Subgeneric status uncertain'; new combination)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma kurandanum Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma kurandanum Wesener 2016: 89 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Holotype: Female, Kuranda, Qld, date unknown, H.L. Clark, MCZ 4696 [-16.8200 145.6360 ±10 km]
  • Paratype(s): None
 

Cyliosoma larvalis (Butler, 1878)

  • Cyliosoma larvalis
  • Zephronia larvalis Butler 1878: 301 (first description)
    Butler, A.G. (1878) Descriptions of several new species of Myriopoda of the genera Sphaerotherium and Zephronia. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1878(4): 299-302.
  • Zephronia larvalis Preudhomme de Borre 1884: 24 (in species catalogue)
    Preudhomme de Borre, A. (1884) Tentamen catalogi Glomeridarum hucusque descriptarum. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 1884: 19-28.
  • Zephronia larvalis Attems 1914: 146 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Zephronia (?) larvalis Chamberlin 1920: 91 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • 'Zephronia larvalis' Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Zephronia larvalis Jeekel 1986: 39 (in list of species of uncertain generic status)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma larvalis Wesener 2014: 364 (new combination, redescription, lectotype designated); Figs 1A, 1C, 1D (p. 365), 2 (p. 366)
    Wesener, T. (2014) The identity of Australia's northern-most giant pill-millipedes (Diplopoda, Sphaerotheriida). Zootaxa 3861(4): 363-368.
  • Cyliosoma larvalis Wesener 2016: 90 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Lectotype: Female, Torres Straits, Rev. J.S. Macfarlane, NHM 77-29
  •  
  • Cyliosoma albertisii
  • Zephronia Albertisii Silvestri 1895: 620 (in species list), 635 (first description)
    Silvestri, F. (1895) Chilopodi e Diplopodi della Papuasia. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (ser 2) 14[34]: 619-659.
  • Cyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) Albertisii Silvestri 1917: 62 (in species list as Zephronia Albertisii, but Silvestri adds '=Cyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) Albertisii'; new combination), 68 (in species key), 74 (redescription); Fig. 10 (p. 74)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) albertisi Chamberlin 1920: 88 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Zephronia albertisii Jeekel 1971: 24 (in genus catalogue, designated type of Epicyliosoma)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1971) Nomenclator generum et familiarum Diplopodorum: a list of the genus and family-group names in the Class Diplopoda from the 10th edition of Linnaeus, 1758, to the end of 1957. Monografieën van de Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging 5: i-xii, 1-412. [Dated 1970, published 1971]
  • Cyliosoma albertisii Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) albertisii Jeekel 1986: 36 (in species list as Zephronia albertisii, type of Epicyliosoma), 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma albertisii Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma albertisii Wesener 2014: 365 (synonymised with Cyliosoma larvalis, lectotype designated); Figs 1B, 1E, 1F (p. 365)
    Wesener, T. (2014) The identity of Australia's northern-most giant pill-millipedes (Diplopoda, Sphaerotheriida). Zootaxa 3861(4): 363-368.
  • Cyliosoma albertisii Wesener 2016: 90 (in order catalogue as synonym of C. larvalis)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Lectotype: Male, Somerset, Qld, 1874-75, L.M. D'Albertis, MCG [-10.7440 142.5930 ±10 km]
  • Paralectotype(s): Fragments of 1 male, 2 females, details as for lectotype, MCG
 

Cyliosoma marginepunctatum (Karsch, 1881)

  • Cyliosoma marginepunctatum
  • Sphaerotherium marginepunctatum Karsch 1881: 28 (in species key), 31 (first description), pl.
    Karsch, F. (1881) Zur Formenlehre der pentazonen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 47(1): 19-35, pl. 2.
  • Sphaerotherium marginepunctatum Preudhomme de Borre 1884: 27 (in species catalogue)
    Preudhomme de Borre, A. (1884) Tentamen catalogi Glomeridarum hucusque descriptarum. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 1884: 19-28.
  • Sphaerotherium marginepunctatum Attems 1914: 141 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Sphaerotherium marginepunctatum Silvestri 1917: 62 (in species list, but Silvestri adds '=? Cyliosoma marginepunctatum')
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • 'Sphaerotherium' marginepunctatum Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Sphaerotherium marginepunctatum Jeekel 1986: 39 (in list of species of uncertain generic status)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma marginepunctatum Wesener 2014: 199 (new combination), 208 (in taxonomic discussion)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma marginepunctatum Wesener 2016: 90 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Holotype: Female, Rockhampton, Qld, date and collector unknown, ZMB 396 [-23.3770 150.5100 ±10 km]
  • Paratype(s): None
  • Note: Possibly collected by Amalie Dietrich for Museum Godeffroy; Dietrich was in Rockhampton in 1866 (Sumner 1993: 30)
 

Cyliosoma mjoebergi Verhoeff, 1924

  • Cyliosoma mjoebergi
  • Cyliosoma queenslandicum mjöbergi Verhoeff 1924: 45 (in species key as subspecies of 'C. queenslandicum', which is Verhoeff's renaming of C. queenslandiae Brölemann, 1913), 47 (first description, as subspecies of 'C. queenslandicum')
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1924) Results of Dr. E. Mjöberg's scientific expeditions to Australia 1910-1913. 34. Myriapoda: Diplopoda. Arkiv för Zoologi 16(5): 1-142, pls 1-5.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandicum mjöbergi Verhoeff 1928: 80, 81 (in species keys)
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1928) On Diplopoda in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 16(2): 79-115, pls 6-12.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandiae mjoebergi Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Paracyliosoma) mjoebergi Jeekel 1986: 37 (raised to species in new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma mjoebergi Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma mjoebergi Wesener 2016: 90 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): 7 specimens, among them 1 male, Colosseum, Qld, November [1912 (Ferrier 2006: 2)], E. Mjöberg, possibly in NHRM [-24.3780 151.5260 ±5 km]
  • Note: Jeekel: 'E. mjoebergi was described briefly as a subspecies of E. queenslandicum. However, the relationship of mjoebergi to queenslandicum is dubious, because the latter was probably based on material of more than one species. Rather mjoebergi seems related to, or perhaps even identical with E. queenslandiae.' (1986: 37)
 

Cyliosoma pachygon Chamberlin, 1920

  • Cyliosoma pachygon
  • Cyliosoma pachygon Chamberlin 1920: 86 (first description)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Cyliosoma pachygon Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma pachygon Jeekel 1986: 37 (in species list, 'Subgeneric status uncertain'; new combination)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma pachygon Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma pachygon Wesener 2016: 90 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Holotype: Male, Cooktown, Qld, 1896, A.G. Mayer, MCZ 4697 [-15.4690 145.2450 ±10 km]
  • Paratype(s): 1 male, details as for holotype, MCZ 4698
 

Cyliosoma penicilligerum Verhoeff, 1928

  • Cyliosoma penicilligerum
  • Cyliosoma (Paracyliosoma) penicilligerum Verhoeff 1928: 80, 81 (in species keys), 83 (first description), 84 (in species key); Figs 5-7, pl. 6
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1928) On Diplopoda in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 16(2): 79-115, pls 6-12.
  • Cyliosoma penicilligerum Jeekel 1971: 27 (in genus catalogue as type of Paracyliosoma)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1971) Nomenclator generum et familiarum Diplopodorum: a list of the genus and family-group names in the Class Diplopoda from the 10th edition of Linnaeus, 1758, to the end of 1957. Monografieën van de Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging 5: i-xii, 1-412. [Dated 1970, published 1971]
  • Cyliosoma penicilligerum Jeekel 1981: 26 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Paracyliosoma) penicilligerum Jeekel 1986: 36 (in species list as Cyliosoma penicilligerum, type of Paracyliosoma), 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma penicilligerum Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma penicilligerum Wesener 2016: 90 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Verhoeff: 'A female and four males from North Dorrigo, collected by A. Musgrave' (1928: 83), North Dorrigo, NSW, date unknown, A. Musgrave, AM 1 female collected at North Dorrigo on 4 January 1923 by A. Musgrave (KS.76522); the male syntypes are missing [-30.2940 152.6850 ±5 km]
 

Cyliosoma penrithense Brölemann, 1913

  • Cyliosoma penrithense
  • Cyliosoma penrithensis Brölemann 1913: 85 (first description); Figs 5-7, pl. 14; 22 (p. 87)
    Brölemann, H.W. (1913) The Myriapoda in the Australian Museum. Part ii. Diplopoda. Records of the Australian Museum 10(6): 77-158, pls 14-18.
  • Cyliosoma penrithensis Attems 1914: 142 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Cyliosoma penrithensis Silvestri 1917: 62 (in species list, but Silvestri adds '= C. Sennae'), 72 (synonymised with C. sennae)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma penrithensis Chamberlin 1920: 88 (in species catalogue as synonym of Cyliosoma sennae)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Cyliosoma penrithense Verhoeff 1928: 81 (in species key)
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1928) On Diplopoda in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 16(2): 79-115, pls 6-12.
  • Cyliosoma penrithense Jeekel 1981: 26 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) penrithense Jeekel 1986: 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma penrithense Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma penrithense Wesener 2016: 90 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): One male from Penrith and three females from Cambewarra, New South Wales' (Brölemann 1913: 87), localities mixed, AM has 1 male from Penrith (KS.76512) 1 specimen from Penrith (KS.76513), 2 females possibly from Cambewarra (KS.76514), 2 females possibly from Cambewarra (KS.76515) and 2 males possibly from Cambewarra (KS.76516) [Penrith: -33.7520 150.6910 ±5 km; Cambewarra: -34.8250 150.5710 ±5 km]
  • Note: Jeekel: 'Silvestri (1917) has synonymised E. penrithense with E. sennae. The points of difference between the two descriptions, mentioned in the key below, seem to justify their being kept separate. Moreover, the two species were described from widely separated localities.' (1986: 37)
 

Cyliosoma queenslandiae Brölemann, 1913

  • Cyliosoma queenslandiae
  • Cyliosoma queenslandiae Brölemann 1913: 80 (first description); Figs 1-4, pl. 14; 14 (p. 78), 15 (p. 83), 16-21 (p. 84)
    Brölemann, H.W. (1913) The Myriapoda in the Australian Museum. Part ii. Diplopoda. Records of the Australian Museum 10(6): 77-158, pls 14-18.
  • Cyliosoma Queenslandiae Attems 1914: 142 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Cyliosoma Queenslandiae Silvestri 1917: 62 (in species list, but Silvestri adds '=Cyliosoma unicolor Silv.'), 71 (synonymised with Cyliosoma unicolor)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandiae Chamberlin 1920: 87 (in species catalogue as synonym of Cyliosoma unicolor)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandiae Verhoeff 1924: 45 (redescribed as 'Cyliosoma queenslandicum Bröl. (= queenslandiae Bröl.)' from new material)
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1924) Results of Dr. E. Mjöberg's scientific expeditions to Australia 1910-1913. 34. Myriapoda: Diplopoda. Arkiv för Zoologi 16(5): 1-142, pls 1-5.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandiae Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Paracyliosoma) queenslandiae Jeekel 1986: 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandiae Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandiae Wesener 2016: 91 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): 4 males and 3 females (Brölemann 1913: 83), Gayndah, Qld, date and collector unknown, AM has several samples which are presumably the types: 1 male (KS.76517), 3 males (KS.76518) and 3 females (KS.76519) [-25.6240 151.6080 ±10 km]
  • Note: 'E. queenslandiae was synonymized by Silvestri (1917) with E. unicolor. Indeed there seems to be an almost complete agreement in the characters of the two, and the fact that they were described from the same locality further supports synonymy. The very long prefemoral process of the anterior telopods described for unicolor is sufficient reason to keep the two separate for the time being.' (Jeekel 1986: 37)
 

Cyliosoma queenslandicum Verhoeff, 1924

  • Cyliosoma queenslandicum
  • Cyliosoma queenslandicum Verhoeff 1924: 45 (first description as 'Cyliosoma queenslandicum Bröl. (= queenslandiae Bröl.)' from new material); Figs 29, 30, pl. 2
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1924) Results of Dr. E. Mjöberg's scientific expeditions to Australia 1910-1913. 34. Myriapoda: Diplopoda. Arkiv för Zoologi 16(5): 1-142, pls 1-5.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandicum Verhoeff 1928: 80, 81 (in species keys), 84 (redescription, species key)
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1928) On Diplopoda in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 16(2): 79-115, pls 6-12.
  • Epicyliosoma (Paracyliosoma) queenslandicum Jeekel 1986: 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key as 'targionii queenslandicum')
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandicum Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma queenslandicum Wesener 2016: 91 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): A dozen specimens of both sexes ('Untersucht wurden ein Dutzend Individuen beider Geschlechter'; Verhoeff 1924: 47), Herberton, Tamborine Mountain [Mt Tamborine] and Malanda, Qld, [1911-1913], E. Mjöberg, possibly in NHRM [Herberton: -17.3800 145.3840 ±10 km, Mt Tamborine: -27.9690 153.1980 ±5 km, Malanda: -17.3520 145.5930 ±10 km]
  • Note: 'E. queenslandicum may be identical with E. targionii. It seems likely, however, that Verhoeff mixed up two species under the name: one from northern Queensland and one from southern Queensland, subsequently reported also from northern New South Wales. A restudy of the type material, involving also the selection of a lectotype, is needed to clarify this point. It must be noted here, that the name queenslandicum is in fact a replacement name for queenslandiae and as such an objective synonym of the latter. It is doubtful that the material studied by Brölemann and Verhoeff belongs to one species. On that account the name queenslandicum is maintained here as a matter of convenience and in order not to complicate matters.' (Jeekel 1986: 37)
 

Cyliosoma sarahae (Moir and Harvey, 2008)

  • Cyliosoma sarahae
  • Epicyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) sarahae Moir and Harvey 2008: 114 (first description); Figs 1-6 (p. 115) 7, 8 (p. 116)
    Moir, M.L. and Harvey, M.S. (2008) Discovery of the pill millipede genus Epicyliosoma (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida: Sphaerotheriidae) in Western Australia, with the description of a new species. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24(2): 113-119.
  • Cyliosoma sarahae Wesener 2014: 199 (new combination)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma sarahae Wesener 2016: 91 (in order catalogue); Fig. 15 (p. 23)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Holotype: Male, Cape Le Grand National Park, inland from Thistle Beach, WA, -34.0056 122.1942 (in WAM database as 34°00'20"S 122°11'39"E) ±100 m, in soil, 17 November 2006, M.L. Moir, WAM T78757
  • Paratype(s): 5 males, 8 females, details as for holotype but -34.0053 122.1964 (in WAM database as 34°00'19"S 122°11'47"E) ±100 m, WAM T78948
 

Cyliosoma sennae Silvestri, 1898

  • Cyliosoma sennae
  • Cyliosoma sennae Brölemann 1913: 80 (in species list), 88 (compares with C. penrithensis, reproduces Silvestri's first description)
    Brölemann, H.W. (1913) The Myriapoda in the Australian Museum. Part ii. Diplopoda. Records of the Australian Museum 10(6): 77-158, pls 14-18.
  • Cyliosoma Sennae Attems 1914: 142 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Cyliosoma (Cyliosoma) Sennae Silvestri 1917: 62 (in species list), 68 (in species key), 72 (redescription); Fig. 8 (p. 73)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma sennae Chamberlin 1920: 88 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Cyliosoma sennae Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) sennae Jeekel 1986: 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma sennae Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma sennae Wesener 2016: 91 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Males and females, number unknown, Cairns, Qld, December 1891, [Giovanni] Podenzana, MSNF [-16.9250 145.7740 ±5 km]
  • Note: Jeekel: 'Silvestri (1917) has synonymised E. penrithense with E. sennae. The points of difference between the two descriptions, mentioned in the key below, seem to justify their being kept separate. Moreover, the two species were described from widely separated localities.' (1986: 37)
 

Cyliosoma sjoestedti Silvestri, 1917

  • Cyliosoma sjoestedti
  • Cyliosoma (Epicyliosoma) Sjöstedti Silvestri 1917: 68 (in species key), 73 (first description); Fig. 9 (p. 74)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma sjöstedti Chamberlin 1920: 88 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Cyliosoma sjoestedti Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma sjoestedti Jeekel 1986: 37 (in species list, 'Subgeneric status uncertain'; new combination)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma sjoestedti Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma sjoestedti Wesener 2016: 91 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Female holotype or syntypes, Cardwell, Qld, date and collector unknown, NHRM [-18.2690 146.0280 ±10 km]
 

Cyliosoma targionii Silvestri, 1898

  • Cyliosoma targionii
  • Cyliosoma Targionii Silvestri 1898: 226 (first description); Figs 1-3 (p. 226)
    Silvestri, F. (1898) Note sui Chilopodi e Diplopodi conservati nel Museo Zoologico di Firenze. I. Alcuni nuovi Diplopodi de Queensland (Cairns). Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 29: 225-232.
  • Cyliosoma targionii Brölemann 1913: 80 (in species list), 83 (compares with C. queenslandiae), 84 (reproduces Silvestri's first description)
    Brölemann, H.W. (1913) The Myriapoda in the Australian Museum. Part ii. Diplopoda. Records of the Australian Museum 10(6): 77-158, pls 14-18.
  • Cyliosoma Targionii Attems 1914: 142 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Cyliosoma (Cyliosoma) Targionii Silvestri 1917: 62 (in species list), 69 (redescription); Figs 1 (p. 63), 2, 3 (p. 64), 4 (p. 65), 5 (p. 66)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma targioni Chamberlin 1920: 87 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Cyliosoma targionii Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Paracyliosoma) targionii Jeekel 1986: 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key as 'targionii queenslandicum')
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma targionii Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma targionii Wesener 2016: 92 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Males and females, number unknown, Cairns, Qld, December 1891, [Giovanni] Podenzana, MSNF [-16.9250 145.7740 ±5 km]
  • Note: 'E. queenslandicum may be identical with E. targionii. It seems likely, however, that Verhoeff mixed up two species under the name: one from northern Queensland and one from southern Queensland, subsequently reported also from northern New South Wales. A restudy of the type material, involving also the selection of a lectotype, is needed to clarify this point. It must be noted here, that the name queenslandicum is in fact a replacement name for queenslandiae and as such an objective synonym of the latter. It is doubtful that the material studied by Brölemann and Verhoeff belongs to one species. On that account the name queenslandicum is maintained here as a matter of convenience and in order not to complicate matters.' (Jeekel 1986: 37)
 

Cyliosoma unicolor Silvestri, 1897

  • Cyliosoma unicolor
  • Cyliosoma unicolor Silvestri 1897: 16 (first description); Figs 80-82, pl. 2
    Silvestri, F. (1897) Neue Diplopoden. Abhandlungen und Berichte aus dem Staatlichen Museum für Tierkunde in Dresden 6(9): 1-23, pls 1-3.
  • Cyliosoma unicolor Brölemann 1913: 80 (in species list), 84 (compares with C. queenslandiae, reproduces Silvestri's first description)
    Brölemann, H.W. (1913) The Myriapoda in the Australian Museum. Part ii. Diplopoda. Records of the Australian Museum 10(6): 77-158, pls 14-18.
  • Cyliosoma unicolor Attems 1914: 142 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Cyliosoma (Cyliosoma) unicolor Silvestri 1917: 62 (in species list), 68 (in species key), 71 (redescription); Fig. 7 (p. 71)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma unicolor Chamberlin 1920: 87 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Cyliosoma unicolor Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Epicyliosoma (Paracyliosoma) unicolor Jeekel 1986: 37 (new combination), 38 (in species key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Cyliosoma unicolor Wesener 2014: 199 (in Cyliosoma species list)
    Wesener, T. (2014) A new phylogenetic analysis of the Sphaerotheriida (Diplopoda) with a revision of the Australian giant pill-millipedes. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 196-213.
  • Cyliosoma unicolor Wesener 2016: 92 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Males and females, number unknown, Gayndah, Qld, date and collector unknown, SNSD no. 283 [-25.6240 151.6080 ±10 km]
  • Note: 'E. queenslandiae was synonymized by Silvestri (1917) with E. unicolor. Indeed there seems to be an almost complete agreement in the characters of the two, and the fact that they were described from the same locality further supports synonymy. The very long prefemoral process of the anterior telopods described for unicolor is sufficient reason to keep the two separate for the time being.' (Jeekel 1986: 37)