Sphaerotheriida: Procyliosomatidae: Procyliosoma species

 

Procyliosoma andersoni (Verhoeff, 1928)

  • Procyliosoma andersoni
  • Cyliosomella andersoni Verhoeff 1928: 85 (first description); Figs 8-10, pl. 7
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1928) On Diplopoda in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 16(2): 79-115, pls 6-12.
  • Cyliosomella andersoni Jeekel 1981: 26 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Procyliosoma andersoni Jeekel 1986: 39 (in species list and key; new combination)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Procyliosoma andersoni Wesener 2016: 24 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): 3 females, Upper Richmond River, NSW, April 1890, R. Helms, AM KS.76521 [-28.6210 153.0040 ±10 km]
  • Note: Verhoeff: 'Several specimens from the Upper Richmond River, New South Wales, have been examined' (1928: 86); AM holds just 3 females as KS.76521; the male figured by Verhoeff is missing.
 

Procyliosoma aurivillii Silvestri, 1917

  • Procyliosoma aurivillii
  • Procyliosoma (Sincyliosoma) Aurivillii Silvestri 1917: 76 (in species key), 85 (first description); Fig. 17 (p. 85)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Procyliosoma (Syncyliosoma) aurivilli Chamberlin 1920: 89 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Procyliosoma aurivillii Jeekel 1971: 29 (as type of Syncyliosoma)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1971) Nomenclator generum et familiarum Diplopodorum: a list of the genus and family-group names in the Class Diplopoda from the 10th edition of Linnaeus, 1758, to the end of 1957. Monografieën van de Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging 5: i-xii, 1-412. [Dated 1970, published 1971]
  • Procyliosoma aurivillii Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Procyliosoma aurivillii Jeekel 1986: 36 (in species list as type of Syncyliosoma), 39 (in species list and key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Procyliosoma aurivillii Wesener 2016: 25 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Female holotype or syntypes, Cape York, Qld, date and collector unknown, NHRM [-15.3333 143.4000 ±200 km!]
 

Procyliosoma castaneum (Verhoeff, 1924)

  • Procyliosoma castaneum
  • Cyliosomella castaneum Verhoeff 1924: 48 (first description); Figs 22, 25, 26, pl. 2
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1924) Results of Dr. E. Mjöberg's scientific expeditions to Australia 1910-1913. 34. Myriapoda: Diplopoda. Arkiv för Zoologi 16(5): 1-142, pls 1-5.
  • Cyliosomella castaneum Verhoeff 1928: 85 (redescriptive comparison with Cyliosomella andersoni)
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1928) On Diplopoda in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 16(2): 79-115, pls 6-12.
  • Cyliosomella castaneum Jeekel 1971: 24 (in genus catalogue as type of Cyliosomella; 'recte: -nea')
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1971) Nomenclator generum et familiarum Diplopodorum: a list of the genus and family-group names in the Class Diplopoda from the 10th edition of Linnaeus, 1758, to the end of 1957. Monografieën van de Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging 5: i-xii, 1-412. [Dated 1970, published 1971]
  • Cyliosoma castanea Jeekel 1981: 24 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Procyliosoma castaneum Jeekel 1986: 36 (in species list as Cyliosomella castanea, type of Cyliosomella), 39 (in species list and key; new combination)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Procyliosoma castaneum Wesener 2016: 25 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Holotype: Male, Herberton, Qld, January [1913 (Ferrier 2006: 5)], E. Mjöberg, possibly in NHRM [-17.3800 145.3840 ±10 km]
  • Paratype(s): None
 

Procyliosoma dorrigense (Verhoeff, 1928)

  • Procyliosoma dorrigense
  • Cyliosomella andersoni dorrigense Verhoeff 1928: 86 (first description)
    Verhoeff, K.W. (1928) On Diplopoda in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 16(2): 79-115, pls 6-12.
  • Cyliosomella andersoni dorrigense Jeekel 1981: 26 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Procyliosoma dorrigense Jeekel 1986: 39 (in species list and key; raised to species in new combination)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Procyliosoma dorrigense Wesener 2016: 25 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Holotype: Male, North Dorrigo, NSW, 1923?, A. Musgrave, AM sample missing [-30.2940 152.6850 ±5 km]
  • Paratype(s): None
 

Procyliosoma leae Silvestri, 1917

  • Procyliosoma leae
  • Procyliosoma (Procyliosoma) Leae Silvestri 1917: 75 (designated type of Procyliosoma), 76 (in species key), 77 (first description); Fig. 11 (p. 77)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Procyliosoma leae Chamberlin 1920: 89 (in species catalogue.)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Procyliosoma leae Jeekel 1971: 27 (in genus catalogue as type of Procyliosoma)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1971) Nomenclator generum et familiarum Diplopodorum: a list of the genus and family-group names in the Class Diplopoda from the 10th edition of Linnaeus, 1758, to the end of 1957. Monografieën van de Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging 5: i-xii, 1-412. [Dated 1970, published 1971]
  • Procyliosoma leae Jeekel 1981: 27 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Procyliosoma leae Jeekel 1986: 36 (in species list as type of Procyliosoma), 39 (in species list and key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Procyliosoma leae Wesener and VandenSpiegel 2009: [Cladistic morphological analysis uses this species, identified from recently collected museum material]; Figs 21 (p. 558), 31 (p. 560), 86-88 (p. 567), 89 (p. 568)
    Wesener, T. and VandenSpiegel, D. (2009) A first phylogenetic analysis of Giant Pill-Millipedes (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida), a new model Gondwanan taxon, with special emphasis on island gigantism. Cladistics 25(6): 545-573.
  • Procyliosoma leae Wesener 2016: 25 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Male, female and juvenile specimens, Hobart, Tas, A.M. Lea, repository unknown [-42.8828 147.3303 ±5 km]
  • Note: Hobart is probably not the collecting locality - it was the city where Lea was based when he is likely to have collected the specimens. Arthur M. Lea was Government Entomologist of Tasmania 1899-1910 (Marks 1991: 207).
 

Procyliosoma tasmanicum Silvestri, 1917

  • Procyliosoma tasmanicum
  • Procyliosoma (Procyliosoma) tasmanicum Silvestri 1917: 76 (in species key), 78 (first description); Fig. 12 (p. 78)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Procyliosoma tasmanicum Chamberlin 1920: 89 (in species catalogue)
    Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64(1): 1-269.
  • Procyliosoma tasmanicum Jeekel 1981: 27 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Procyliosoma tasmanicum Jeekel 1986: 39 (in species list and key)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Procyliosoma tasmanicum Wesener 2016: 26 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Syntype(s): Males and females, number unknown, Hobart, Tas, A.M. Lea, repository unknown [-42.8828 147.3303 ±5 km]
  • Note: Hobart may not be the collecting locality - it was the city where Lea was based when he is likely to have collected the specimens. Arthur M. Lea was Government Entomologist of Tasmania 1899-1910 (Marks 1991: 207).
 

Procyliosoma walesianum (Karsch, 1881)

  • Procyliosoma walesianum
  • Sphaerotherium walesianum Karsch 1881: 31 (first description); Figs F, f, pl. 2
    Karsch, F. (1881) Zur Formenlehre der pentazonen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 47(1): 19-35, pl. 2.
  • Sphaerotherium walesianum Preudhomme de Borre 1884: 28 (in species catalogue)
    Preudhomme de Borre, A. (1884) Tentamen catalogi Glomeridarum hucusque descriptarum. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 1884: 19-28.
  • Sphaerotherium walesianum Pocock 1893: 130 (synonymised with S. angulatum; Jeekel (1986: 36) suggests that the fresh material on which Pocock based his synonymisation was incorrectly identified)
    Pocock, R.I. (1893) Report upon the Myriopoda of the 'Challenger' Expedition, with Remarks upon the Fauna of Bermuda. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (ser 6) 11(62): 121-142, pl. 9.
  • Sphaerotherium walesianum Attems 1914: 141 (in species catalogue)
    Attems, C. (1914) Die indo-australischen Myriopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(4): 1-398.
  • Sphaerotherium walesianum Silvestri 1917: 62 (in species list, but Silvestri adds '=Cyliosoma walesianum'; new combination)
    Silvestri, F. (1917) Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteridae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 12: 61-85.
  • Cyliosoma walesianum Jeekel 1981: 26 (in list of species recorded from eastern Australia)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1981) Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.
  • Procyliosoma walesianum Jeekel 1986: 39 (in species list; new combination)
    Jeekel, C.A.W. (1986) Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.
  • Procyliosoma walesianum Wesener 2016: 26 (in order catalogue)
    Wesener, T. (2016) The Giant Pill-Millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida – An annotated species catalogue with morphological atlas and list of apomorphies (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Bonn Zoological Journal - Supplementum 63: 1-104.
  • Holotype: Male, Sydney, NSW (see Note), date unknown, Krefft, ZMB 370 (Moritz and Fischer 1973: 371) [-33.8670 151.2070 ±20 km]
  • Paratype(s): None
  • Note: It is not yet known whether [Johann] Krefft was the collector or only the supplier of the ZMB specimen. Krefft was Assistant Curator of the Australian Museum in Sydney from 1860-1864 and Curator from 1864-1876.