[Australian Faunal Directory]

This is a periodically updated, taxonomic database of Australian fauna produced by specialists for the Australian government's Australian Biological Resources Study. Links and latest revision dates are:
CENTIPEDES (2003) www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/CHILOPODA
MILLIPEDES (2010) www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/DIPLOPODA
PAUROPODA (2010) www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/PAUROPODA
SYMPHYLA (2002) www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/SYMPHYLA
VELVET WORMS (2000) www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/ONYCHOPHORA  

Baehr, M. 1977. Über einige Onychophoren aus Australien und Tasmanien mit Beschreibung einer neuen Art und Anmerkungen zur Stellung von Ooperipatus paradoxus Bouvier 1915. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 104: 9-19.

Descriptions of Ooperipatus decoratus n. sp. and O. spenceri Cockerell, 1913 ('=O. insignis (SPENCER, 1894)'), both from Dip River Falls. 

Bailey, P.T. 1997. Decline of an invading millipede, Ommatoiulus moreleti in South Australia: the need for a better understanding of the mechanism (Diplopoda, Julida: Julidae). Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 51: 241-244.

Includes useful bibliography of Australian research on this invasive species. 

Barber, A.D. and Eason, E.H. 1986. A redescription of Lithobius peregrinus Latzel, a centipede new to Britain (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha). Journal of Natural History 20: 431-437.

Detailed description of this widely traveled species, introduced in Tasmania. 

Barrett, C. 1938. A note on peripatus. Victorian Naturalist 55(1): 11-12.

Description and photos of a live Tasmanipatus barretti (here called 'Ooperipatus insignis') from St Marys. The fate of the specimen is unknown. 

Bastianello, A. and Minelli, A. 2001. engrailed sequences from four centipede orders: strong sequence conservation, duplications and phylogeny. Development Genes and Evolution 211: 620-623.

Includes Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Black, D.G. 1997. Diversity and biogeography of Australian millipedes (Diplopoda). Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria 56(2): 557-561.

For Tasmania, records the families Polyxenidae (Polyxenida), Sphaerotheriidae (Sphaerotheriida), Siphonotidae (Polyzoniida), Metopidiotrichidae and Peterjohnsiidae (Chordeumatida), Dalodesmidae, Haplodesmidae/Pyrgodesmidae and Paradoxosomatidae (Polydesmida) and Cambalidae and Iulomorphidae (Spirostreptida). 

Blower, J.G. 1985. Millipedes. Synopsis of the British Fauna (New Series) No. 35. London: E.J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys; 242 pp.

A superbly illustrated British guide for students and serious naturalists. Includes species introduced to Tasmania. 

Bonato, L., Pereira, L.A. and Minelli, A. 2007. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on the centipede genera Chomatobius, Ityphilus, Hapleurytion, Plateurytion, and Steneurytion (Chilopoda: Geophilomorpha). Zootaxa 1485: 1-12.

Zelanion made a junior synonym of Steneurytion. 

Bonato, L., Edgecombe, G.D., Lewis, J.G.E., Minelli, A., Pereira, L.A., Shelley, R.M. and Zapparoli, M. 2010. A common terminology for the external anatomy of centipedes (Chilopoda). ZooKeys 69: 17-51.

Includes images of Craterostigmus tasmanianus anatomy. 

Bonham, K.J., Mesibov, R. and Bashford, R. 2002. Diversity and abundance of ground-dwelling invertebrates in plantation vs. native forests in Tasmania, Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 158: 237-247.

MILLIPEDES: At least 35 millipede species were collected by Kevin Bonham at 92 sites in plantations and native forest in the Northwest. Mean number of specimens/site was about the same in plantations and native forest, but the native forest species total (34) was greater than the plantation species total (26). Some native millipede species were more abundant in plantations than in nearby native forest.
VELVET WORMS: Ooperipatellus cryptus and Ooperipatellus sp. (probably O. decoratus) were found in nearly equal numbers in plantations and nearby native forest after searching 0.01 ha plots for 1 hour. 

Borrer Closs, L. 2005. The effects of silviculture regeneration burns on the habitat of the giant velvet worm (Tasmanipatus barretti). MSc thesis, Imperial College, London.

See Yee et al. (2007). 

Borucki, H. 1996. Evolution und phylogenetisches System der Chilopoda (Mandibulata, Tracheata). Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (n.s.) 35: 95-226.

Includes some original morphological work on the ano-genital capsule of Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Borucki, H. and Rosenberg, J. 1997. Transport-active organs within the 'ano-genital' capsule of Craterostigmus tasmanianus (Chilopoda, Craterostigmomorpha). Zoomorphology 117: 49-52.

Study based on Tasmanian specimens. Capsular organs may be active in taking up water from the atmosphere. 

Brockmann, C. 1994. Zur Eidonomie, Anatomie und Entwicklungsbiologie von Ooperipatellus decoratus (Baehr, 1977) (Peripatopsidae, Onychophora) . (Unpublished Diploma thesis, Biology Department, University of Hamburg, October 1994; 102 pp.)

Thesis based on material collected near the Fingerpost (east of Waratah). Beautifully illustrated, includes coloured drawings of dorsal pattern variation. 

Brockmann, C., Mesibov, R. and Ruhberg, H. 1999. Observations on Ooperipatellus decoratus, an oviparous onychophoran from Tasmania (Onychophora: Peripatopsidae). Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 51: 319-329.

Based in part on Brockmann (1994). Anatomy and development of O. decoratus from the Fingerpost area, east of Waratah. 

Brockmann, C., Mummert, M., Ruhberg, H. and Storch, V. 2001. The female genital system of Ooperipatellus decoratus (Onychophora, Peripatopsidae). Journal of Morphology 249(2): 77-88.

Detailed anatomical study. The cover of this issue of the Journal of Morphology features a colour photo of a live O. decoratus, taken by Claudia Brockmann on 12 October 1996 near Deep Gully Creek on the Murchison Highway. 

Brölemann, H.W. 1913. The Myriapoda in the Australian Museum. Part ii. Diplopoda. Records of the Australian Museum 10(6): 77-158, pls. 14-18.

Includes first description of Amastigogonus tasmanianus from 'Tasmania'. According to curator Graham Milledge, the holotype in the Australian Museum (KS 37403) has no associated collection details. 

Bryant, S. and Jackson, J. 1999. Tasmania's Threatened Fauna Handbook: What, Where and How to Protect Tasmania's Threatened Animals. Hobart: Threatened Species Unit, Parks and Wildlife Service; 426 pp.

Pp. 298-301 offer general ecological notes on Ooperipatellus cryptus, Tasmanipatus anophthalmus and T. barretti, together with recommendations for habitat management. 

Carl, J. 1902. Exotische Polydesmiden. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 10: 563-679, pls 10-12.

First description of Stronglyosoma nigrovirgatum [see Jeekel (1965]. 

Carcupino, M., Fausto, A.M., Bernardino Ortega, M.L. Zapparoli, M. and Mazzini, M. 1996. Spermatophore development and sperm ultrastructure in Craterostigmus tasmanianus (Chilopoda, Craterostigmomorpha). Zoomorphology 116(3): 103-110.

Study based on Tasmanian specimens. 

Chamberlin, R.V. 1920. The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 64(1): 1-269.

CENTIPEDES: Descriptions of Lamyctes tasmanianus n. sp. ['Tasmania'] and Tasmanobius relictus n. gen., n. sp. ['Tasmania'] (Lithobiomorpha); and of Tasmanophilus tasmanianus n. gen., n. sp. ['Tasmania'], Pachymeroides mimeticus n. gen., n. sp. ['Tasmania'], Pachymeroides alter n. sp. ['Tasmania: Wedge Bay'] and Pachymerellus zygethus n. gen., n. sp. ['Tasmania'] (all Geophilomorpha).
MILLIPEDES: First descriptions of Atopodesmus parvus ('Tasmania'), Euethogonus hardyi ('Tasmania'), Lissodesmus modestus ('Russell Falls'), Notodesmus scotius ('Wedge Bay') and Tasmanodesmus hardyi ('Tasmania').
SYMPHYLA: Describes Tasmaniella hardyi n. gen., n. sp. from 'Tasmania'. According to Clark and Greenslade (1996:190), the holotype is in poor condition and the species is unrecognisable, but 'the characters observed indicate that this species should be transferred to Hanseniella'. 

Clark, S. and Greenslade, P. 1996. Review of Tasmanian Hanseniella Bagnall (Symphyla: Scutigerellidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 10: 189-212.

Describes eight new species (Hanseniella audax, H. conveniens, H. copiosa, H. hebes, H. insequens, H. nuda, H. pluvialis and H. pyrethrata), all apparently endemic to Tasmania.

Colgan, D.J., McLauchlan, A., Wilson, G.D.F., Livingston, S.P., Edgecombe, G.D., Macaranas, J., Cassis, G. and Gray, M.R. 1998. Histone H3 and U2 snRNA DNA sequences and arthropod molecular evolution. Australian Journal of Zoology 46: 419-437.

Includes data from Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Condé, B. 1951. Un Pénicillate inédit de Nouvelle-Zélande (Myriapodes, Diplopodes). Records of the Canterbury Museum 6(1): 9-14.

First description of Propolyxenus forsteri. 

Coy, R., Greenslade, P. and Rounsevell, D. 1993. A Survey of Invertebrates in Tasmanian Rainforest. Tasmanian NRCP Report No. 9. Hobart: Parks and Wildlife Service, Tasmania, and Department of Arts, Sport, the Environment and Territories, Canberra; 104 pp.

PAUROPODA: 'Pauropoda generally represented less than 1 per cent of specimens but were common in soil... The group was also collected from litter, moss and on the soil surface, but were absent from vegetation.' (p. 41)
SYMPHYLA: 'Symphyla were common and abundant in litter, soil and moss, but less frequently collected from the soil surface and absent from vegetation. Symphyla were one of the groups typically found in logs and invariably present in large numbers in this habitat.' (p. 41).
VELVET WORMS: 'A group characteristically associated with logs so again few specimens were collected by the methods used in this study. Four specimens were collected from moss, including the bryophytes on tree trunks.'(p. 39) Specimens from the Savage River Pipeline Road, Mt Michael, Frodshams Pass and Tasman Peninsula sites in this survey. 

Crabill, R.E., jr. 1962. Concerning chilopod types in the British Museum (Natural History). Part 1. (Chilopoda: Geophilomorpha: Scolopendromorpha). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (series 13) 5: 505-510.

Establishes Tasmanophilus opinatus (Newport, 1845) (synonyms Tasmanophilus tasmanianus Chamberlin, 1920 and Tasmaniophilus nichollsii Verhoeff, 1937). 

Dohle, W. 1990. Some observations on morphology and affinities of Craterostigmus tasmanianus (Chilopoda). Pp. 69-79 in Minelli, A. (ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Myriapodology. Leiden: E.J. Brill; (pp?).

SEM study of Tasmanian specimens, with description of previously unknown or poorly known characters. 

Eason, E.H. 1992. On the taxonomy and geographical distribution of the Lithobiomorpha. Bericht des naturwissenschaftlich-medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck. Supplement 10: 1-9.

Eason here suggests that Lamyctes fulvicornis 'may originate in Australia' (p. 7). 

Eason, E.H. 1996. Lithobiomorpha from Sakhalin Island, Kamchatka Peninsula and the Kurile Islands (Chilopoda). Arthropoda Selecta 5: 117-123.

Eason here makes Lamyctes fulvicornis Meinert, 1868 a junior synonym of L. emarginatus (Newport, 1844). 

Eberhard, S. and Eberhard, R. 1989. Caves on Tasmania's East Coast: the Gray - Mt Elephant karst area. Speleo Spiel [Tasmanian Caverneering Club newsletter, March 1989] No. 246: 11-15.

Mt Elephant area cave notes and report of a failed search for cave-dwelling Tasmanipatus anophthalmus ('blind, white peripatus'). 

Eberhard, S.M., Richardson, A.M.M. and Swain, R. 1991. The Invertebrate Cave Fauna of Tasmania. Hobart: Zoology Department, University of Tasmania; 174 pp.

CENTIPEDES: 'All chilopods recorded from Tasmanian caves appear to be accidentals.' (p. 73)  Craterostigmus recorded here from The Chairman cave in the Junee-Florentine karst.
MILLIPEDES: 'Unfortunately, little can be said concerning cavernicolous millipedes, although they are a common element in some cave communities. They are widespread in Tasmanian caves, and both troglophilic and troglobitic, as well as accidental forms are represented.' (p. 71) See Mesibov (1998b).
SYMPHYLA: Records unidentified Symphyla from Tasmanian caves, where they are said to be common and sometimes abundant. 'Symphylans are preadapted to subterranean life' (p. 74) and troglomorphic, but not obviously troglobitic.
VELVET WORMS: 'Ooperipatellus insignis is sometimes recorded from caves, where it may wander into the dark zone from surrounding forest habitats. To date it is known from caves at Acheron River (AR-x2) and Bubs Hill (BH203).'(p. 17) 

Edgecombe, G. 2001a. Centipedes: the great Australian bite. Nature Australia 26(12): 42-51.

Beautifully illustrated introduction to Australian centipedes. 

Edgecombe, G.D. 2001b. Revision of Paralamyctes (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha: Henicopidae), with six new species from eastern Australia. Records of the Australian Museum 53: 201-241.

Describes P. (Nothofagobius) mesibovi from northern Tasmania and assigns to P. (Haasiella) the undescribed henicopid called 'Wailamyctes sp.' in Mesibov (1986). 

Edgecombe, G.D. 2003a. A new genus of henicopid centipede (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha) from New Caledonia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 49(1): 269-284.

Analysis includes Tasmanian 'Anopsobius' and Paralamyctes. 

Edgecombe, G.D. 2003b. Paralamyctes (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha: Henciopidae) from the Cape region, South Africa, with a new species from Table Mountain. African Entomology 11(1): 97-115.

Has key to Paralamyctes worldwide, including Tasmanian species. 

Edgecombe, G.D. 2004a. The henicopid centipede Haasiella (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha): new species from Australia, with a morphology-based phylogeny of Henicopidae. Journal of Natural History 38: 37-76.

Describes the henicopid called 'Wailamyctes sp.' in Mesibov (1986) as Paralamyctes (Haasiella) subicolus. 

Edgecombe, G.D. 2004b. A new species of the henicopid centipede Dichelobius (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha) from southeastern Australia and Lord Howe Island. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 125: 189-203.

Assigns Tasmanobius relictus Chamberlin, 1920 to Dichelobius. 

Edgecombe, G.D. 2004c. Monophyly of Lithobiomorpha (Chilopoda): new characters from the pretarsal claws. Insect Systematics and Evolution 35: 29-41.

Includes notes on Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Edgecombe, G.D. 2006. Homology of cephalic sutures in Chilopoda: the antennocellar sutures of Scutigeromorpha. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 149: 67-70.

Includes notes on Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Edgecombe, G.D. 2007. Centipede systematics: progress and problems. pp. 327-341 in Zhang, Z.-Q. and Shear, W.A. (eds), Linnaeus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa 1668: 1–766.

Excellent overview. 

Edgecombe, G.D. and Giribet, G. 2003a. A new blind Lamyctes (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha) from Tasmania with an analysis of molecular sequence data for the Lamyctes-Henicops group. Zootaxa 152: 1-23.

First description of Lamyctes hellyeri. 

Edgecombe, G.D. and Giribet, G. 2003b. Adding mitochondrial sequence data (16S rRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I) to the phylogeny of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda): an analysis of morphology and four molecular loci. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 42: 89-134.

Includes Tasmanian Craterostigmus, Henicops, Paralamyctes, Tasmanophilus and Zelanion. 

Edgecombe, G.D. and Giribet, G. 2003c. Relationships of Henicopidae (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha): new molecular data, classification and biogeography. African Invertebrates 44(1): 13-38.

Includes Tasmanian 'Anopsobius', Henicops, Lamyctes and Paralamyctes. 

Edgecombe, G.D. and Giribet, G. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of Australasian anopsobiine centipedes (Chilopoda:Lithobiomorpha). Invertebrate Systematics 18: 235-249.

Includes Tasmanian 'Anopsobius'. 

Edgecombe, G.D. and Giribet, G. 2007. Evolutionary biology of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda). Annual Review of Entomology 52: 151-170.

An excellent review covering all five centipede orders. 

Edgecombe, G.D. and Giribet, G. 2008. A New Zealand species of the trans-Tasman centipede order Craterostigmomorpha (Arthropoda:Chilopoda) corroborated by molecular evidence. Invertebrate Systematics 22: 1-15.

Erects Craterostigmus crabilli for New Zealand Craterostigmus. 

Edgecombe, G.D. and Hollington, L.M. 2005. Morphology and relationships of a new species of Henicops (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha) from New South Wales and Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa 961: 1-20.

Analysis includes Tasmanian species. 

Edgecombe, G.D., Giribet, G. and Wheeler, W.C. 1999. Filogenia de Chilopoda: combiando secuencias de los genes ribosómicos 18S y 28S y morfología. Boletin de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 26: 293-331.

Based in part on Tasmanian 'Anopsobius', Craterostigmus, Tasmanophilus and Zelanion. 

Edgecombe, G.D., Giribet, G. and Wheeler, W.C. 2002. Phylogeny of Henicopidae (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha): a combined analysis of morphology and five molecular loci. Systematic Entomology 27: 31-64.

Includes Tasmanian 'Anopsobius', Henicops and Paralamyctes. 

Enghoff, H., Dohle, W. and Blower, J.G. 1993. Anamorphosis in millipedes (Diplopoda) - the present state of knowledge with some developmental and phylogenetic considerations. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 109: 103-234.

A magnificent review of postembryonic development in millipedes. 

Ernst, A., Rosenberg, J., Mesibov, R. and Hilken, G. 2002. Sensilla coeloconica on the maxillipede of the centipede Craterostigmus tasmanianus Pocock, 1902 (Chilopoda, Craterostigmomorpha). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 74(2): 207-214.

Microanatomical study of Tasmanian material. 

Ernst, A. and Rosenberg, J. 2003. Structure and distribution of sensilla coeloconica on the maxillipedes of Chilopoda. African Invertebrates 44(1): 155-168.

Includes microanatomical study of Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Ernst, A., Rosenberg, J. and Hilken, G. 2006. Structure and distribution of antennal sensillae in the centipede Craterostigmus tasmanianus Pocock, 1902 (Chilopoda, Craterostigmomorpha). Norwegian Journal of Entomology 53: 153-164.

Microanatomical study of Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Evans, J.W. 1943. Insect Pests and Their Control. Hobart: Department of Agriculture, Tasmania; 178 pp.

'Three kinds of millipedes occur commonly in gardens in Tasmania. These are the White Millipede (Blaniulus guttulatus Bosc.), the Flat Brown Millipede (Tasmanodesmus sp.) (Fig. 2), and a large black millipede. The first-named is an introduced pest; both of the others are native.' (p. 83) Fig. 2 is a drawing of what may be Tasmaniosoma armatum; the 'large black millipede' is likely to be Amastigogonus sp. 

Fahlander, K. 1939. Chilopoden aus Australien und Tasmanien. Arkiv för Zoologi 31B(1): 1-4.

Includes record of Tasmanophilus tasmanianus Chamberlin, 1920 from Winkleigh. 

Fletcher, J.J. 1890. Additional notes on Peripatus leuckarti. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 5: 469-486.

'I also take occasion to record the occurrence of this species in Tasmania, Mr. Masters in looking through the invertebrates in the Macleay Museum having recently found a rather bleached specimen with fifteen pairs of walking legs which must have been in the collection for at least ten years.' (p. 469) This specimen has since been lost (Ruhberg and Mesibov 1996: 140). 

Flynn, T. 1918. The distribution of Anaspides and Ooperipatus in Tasmania. Australian Zoologist 1(5): 102.

'Ooperipatus' found near Great Lake in 1914 and 'the bank of Cascade Creek, in the neighbourhood of Hobart' in 1916. 

Fox, J.C., Mesibov, R., McCarthy, M.A. and Burgman, M.A. 2004. Giant Velvet Worm (Tasmanipatus barretti) in Tasmania, Australia. Pp. 150-161 in Akçakaya, H.R., Burgman, M.A., Kindvall, O., Wood, C.C., Sjögren-Gulve, P., Hatfield, J.S. and McCarthy, M.A. (eds), Species Conservation and Management. Case Studies. New York: Oxford University Press; 533 pp. + CD-ROM.

Population viability analysis (PVA) under various forest treatment scenarios for the T. barretti range. A pioneering, quantitative, GIS-based study. 

Giribet, G. and Edgecombe, G.D. 2006. Conflict between datasets and phylogeny of centipedes: an analysis based on seven genes and morphology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 273: 531-538.

Includes sequences from Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Giribet, G., Carranza, S., Riutort, M., Baguña, J. and Ribera, C. 1999. Internal phylogeny of the Chilopoda (Myriapoda, Arthropoda) using complete 18S rDNA and partial 28S rDNA sequences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B 354: 215-222.

Includes sequences from Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Golovatch, S.I. 1986. The first Chordeumatida (Diplopoda) from Tasmania, with the description of a new genus and three new species. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik 113: 251-264.

First descriptions of Australeuma jeekeli and A. simile, which Golovatch puts in Neocambrisomatidae, and of Schedotrigona tasmanica, placed in Schedotrigonidae. 

Greenslade, P. 2008. Distribution patterns and diversity of invertebrates of temperate rainforests in Tasmania with a focus on Pauropoda. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 65: 153-164.

Describes the National Rainforest Conservation Project survey which yielded 19 species of Pauropoda. A key to Tasmanian Pauropoda is given, using temporary names and codes for undescribed species; see Scheller (2009). 

Harrison, L. 1914. On some Pauropoda from New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 39: 615-634 + pls.

Source of illustration of Pauropus amicus Harrison, 1914 used on this website. 

Hellyer, H. 1827. H. Hellyer's Journal of operations in opening a Road from Emu Bay towards the Hampshire Hills. (Unpublished manuscript in the University of Tasmania Archives: Hellyer Diary, 1827, R.12)

Many thanks to Brian Rollins of Burnie for making this fascinating journal more widely known. One of the saddest quotes in Tasmanian zoology is this one of Hellyer's from 13 July 1827: 'Several curious insects came to light in removing the rotten logs - I regret I have no means of preserving them.' 

Hickman, V.V. 1963. Some Tasmanian Animals of Ancient Lineage. (Printed text of lecture given 20 March 1963.) Hobart: Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery; 15 pp.

General information and a photo of 'Ooperipatus insignis'. 'It is widely distributed throughout the State and is not uncommon on Mt. Wellington.'(p. 7) 

Hilken, G. 1997. Tracheal systems in Chilopoda: a comparison under phylogenetic aspects. Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 51: 49-60.

Overview, includes study of Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Hilken, G. 1998. Vergleich von Tracheensystem unter phylogenetische Aspekt. Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (n.s.) 37: 5-94.

More detailed version of Hilken (1997). 

Hilton, W.A. 1943. A new Scutigerella from Tasmania. Journal of Entomology and Zoology 35: 5-6.

Describes Scutigerella tasma n. sp. from Mt Field National Park. S. tasma is a species inquirenda in the Symphyla checklist on the Australian Faunal Directory website. 'Inconsistencies in Hilton's description put the exact taxonomic status of S. tasma in doubt requiring a redescription of the holotype before it can be included in a key' (Clark and Greenslade 1996:190). Scheller (1996) makes this species a nomen dubium. 

Hoffman, R.L. 1972. On the identity of three genera of cambaloid millipeds from the Australian region (Spirostreptida). Psyche (Cambridge) 79: 200-208.

Makes Amastigogonus nichollsii Verhoeff, 1944 a junior synonym of Euethogonus hardyi Chamberlin, 1920 and places the latter species in Amastigogonus. 

Hollington, L.M. and Edgecombe, G.D. 2004. Two new species of the henicopid centipede Henicops (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha) from Queensland and Victoria, with revision of species from Western Australia and a synoptic classification of Henicopidae. Records of the Australian Museum 56: 1-28.

Important overview and discussion of Henicops, including H. maculatus. 

Horner, D.J. 1995. The Ecology of Two Parapatric Species of Tasmanipatus (Onychophora), T. barretti and T. anophthalmus. (Unpublished Honours thesis, Department of Zoology, University of Tasmania, October 1995; 93 pp. + 29 pp. literature review.)

Detailed observations on water loss, pheromones, ecdysis, feeding behaviour and prey preferences of captive Tasmanipatus, plus new information on distribution and microhabitat. Parapatry remains unexplained, but: 'Females of both species were found to respond to odours from the crural gland and the body wall of the males of both species. T. anophthalmus females are attracted to the crural extract and body wall of T. barretti more so than to that of T. anophthalmus.' (Abstract, p. ii) 

Horner, D. 1998. Comparative Study of the Effects of Logging Operations on the GVW Population of GC171A. (Unpublished report to Forestry Tasmania, June 1998; 13 pp.)

Reports a second search for Tasmanipatus barretti in two coupes near Pyengana Saddle (see Mesibov 1995a). Velvet worms were found in those parts of coupe GC171A which had been logged and cool-burned three years earlier. 

Huth, A. 2000. Defensive secretions of millipedes: more than just a product of melting point decrease? Pp. 191-200 in Wytwer, J. and Golovatch, S. (eds) Progress in Studies on Myriapoda and Onychophora. Fragmenta Faunistica (Warsaw) 43(Supplement 2000): i-xiii, 1-395.

'Almost everyone collecting millipedes belonging to the orders Spirostreptida, Spirobolida, and Julida is familiar with the irritant secretions these diplopods emit ... when disturbed. These noxious exudates do not only have a characteristic odour and colour, but are able to stain fingers purple for days due to the tanning action of the 1,4-benzoquinones (BQ's) they contain.' (p. 191) In this paper Huth describes the quinone arsenals of some European julids. 

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1982. Opinion 1228. Henicopidae Pocock, 1901 given nomenclatural precedence over Cermatobiidae Haase, 1885 (Myriapoda, Chilopoda). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 39(4): 235-237.

Establishes the correct name for Tasmania's most common lithobiomorph, Henicops maculatus Newport, 1845. 

Jackson, J. and Taylor, R. 1995 ('1994'). Threatened Fauna Manual for Production Forests in Tasmania. Hobart: Forestry Commission.

On p. 167 the authors give a distribution map and a very brief description of the 'North-West Velvet Worm', which they here name Ooperipatellus cryptus. The name cryptus had unwisely been used for this species during discussions about its conservation in 1994, in advance of a formal description. In publishing the name as they did in a widely available book, Jackson and Taylor unwittingly became the authors of the name Ooperipatellus cryptus Jackson and Taylor, 1995. This species has still not been fully described. Although the Threatened Fauna Manual is sometimes cited as Jackson and Taylor (1994), it is likely to have been published in January 1995. 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 1965. A new genus and a new species of the family Paradoxosomatidae from Australia (Diplopoda, Polydesmida). Entomologische Berichten (Amsterdam) 25: 7-14.

Redescription of Pogonosternum nigrovirgatum (Carl, 1902). 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 1979. Notes on the classification of some little-known Australian paradoxosomatid genera (Diplopoda, Polydesmida). Journal of Natural History 13: 649-658.

Includes redescription of Notodesmus scotius Chamberlin, 1920. 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 1981. Australia Expedition 1980; legit C.A.W. Jeekel and A.M. Jeekel-Rijvers. List of collecting stations, together with general notes on the distribution of millipedes in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Verslagen en Technische Gegevens, Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Universiteit van Amsterdam 30: 1-59.

An overview of the eastern Australian millipede fauna, as well as a collecting report. Dr Jeekel and his wife collected at 15 sites in Tasmania from 22 to 28 November 1980. 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 1982a. Millipedes from Australia, 2: Antichiropodini from Victoria (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae). Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 8(24): 201-212.

'Pogonosternum apparently is the dominant antichiropodine genus in Victoria; it is not confined to that state, since it has a representative in northwestern Tasmania (unpublished record).' (p. 202) 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 1982b. Millipedes from Australia, 4: A new genus and species of the family Dalodesmidae from Australia (Diplopoda, Polydesmida). Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 9(2): 9-15.

First description of Gasterogramma psi. 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 1984. Millipedes from Australia, 7: The identity of the genus Lissodesmus Chamberlin, with the description of four new species from Tasmania (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Dalodesmidae). Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 118: 85-101.

Redescription of Lissodesmus modestus Chamberlin, 1920, first descriptions of L. adrianae, L. alisonae, L. margaretae and L. perporosus. Includes discussion of taxonomic placement of Asphalidesmus and Atopodesmus. 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 1985. Millipedes from Australia, 5: Australiosomatini from South Australia, with a note on the status of Polydesmus innotatus Karsch, and first record of a Mediterranean julid in Australia (Diplopoda: Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae and Julida, Julidae). Records of the South Australian Museum 19: 19-37.

'Somethus has two species in Tasmania and one in eastern Victoria.' (p. 35) 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 1986. Millipedes from Australia, 10: Three interesting new species and a new genus (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida, Spirobolida, Polydesmida). Beaufortia 36(3): 35-50.

Includes valuable revision of Australian Sphaerotheriidae. 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 1999. Who is the authority for Cryptops hortensis? Bulletin of the British Myriapod Group 15: 3-4.

Argues that the correct authority is Donovan, 1810 rather than Leach, 1814. 

Jeekel, C.A.W. 2006. Millipedes from Australia, 18: Tasmanian Paradoxosomatidae (Diplopoda: Polydesmida)(Genera Somethus Chamb., Notodesmus Chamb. and Aethalosoma nov.). Myriapod Memoranda 18: 75-89.

First descriptions of Aethalosoma solum, Somethus mesibovi and S. tasmani, and redescription of Notodesmus scotius. 

Jones, R.E. 1998. On the species of Tuoba (Chilopoda: Geophilomorpha) in Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands and New Britain. Records of the Western Australian Museum 18: 333-346.

Redescription of Tuoba laticeps (Pocock, 1891) from coastal Tasmania. 

Koch, L.E. 1983. Revision of the Australian centipedes of the genus Cormocephalus Newport (Chilopoda: Scolopendridae: Scolopendrinae). Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 799-833.

Based in part on Tasmanian Cormocephalus westwoodi. 

Lewis, J.G.E. 1981. The Biology of Centipedes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 476 pp.

A readable introduction to the literature on centipede biology, and the only such review in English. 

Lewis, J.G.E. 1999. On the genus Cryptops Leach in Nepal with redescriptions of Cryptops australis Newport and C. doriae Pocock. Senckenbergiana biologica 79(1): 19-38.

C. australis redescribed from the holotype. 

Luttrell, M. 1988. The White Blind Peripatus Species. A General Research Project. (Unpublished school report, St Patricks College, Launceston, Tasmania, dated September 1988; 33 pp.)

Excellent report by secondary school student Michael Luttrell on the biology and ecology of Tasmanipatus anophthalmus, collected by Michael near Gray and cultured at his home in Riverside. Photographs of specimens and detailed notes on microhabitat, birth of live young, feeding, moulting and general behaviour. Michael and his BVWs appeared on the local ABC-TV news in September 1988. Until David Horner began his Honours thesis work (Horner 1995), Michael's school report was the best source of information on the biology of any Tasmanian velvet worm, and is still worth reading. 

Malcolm, H.E. 1987. Invertebrate fauna of the Franklin River area, Tasmania. Report on the Australian and New Zealand Scientific Exploration Society (ANZSES) expedition 1983. The Tasmanian Naturalist 91: 1-7.

Published version of the finding first reported in Winsor (1983). Species referred to 'Peripatoides leuckarti'. 

Mallatt, J. and Giribet, G. 2006. Further use of nearly complete 28S and 18S rRNA genes to classify Ecdysozoa: 37 more arthropods and a kinorhynch. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 772–794.

Includes sequences from Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Manton, S.M. 1965. The evolution of arthropodan locomotory mechanisms, Part 8. Functional requirements and body design in Chilopoda, together with a comparative account of their skeleto-muscular systems and an Appendix on a comparison between burrowing forces of annelids and chilopods and its bearing upon the evolution of the arthropodan haemocoel. Journal of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 46:251-484.

Includes detailed study of Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Mauriès, J.-P., Golovatch, S.I. and Hoffman, R.L. 2001. On type material and the identity of several Iulus species in the collection of the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in Paris (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Spirobolia). Zoosystema 23(3): 579-589.

Includes redescription of Iulus verreauxii Gervais, 1847 from Mt Wellington, here assigned to Amastigogonus. 

Mesibov, R. 1986. A Guide to Tasmanian Centipedes. Hobart: Bob Mesibov; 64 pp.

Replaced by the centipede section of this website. An early effort and now seriously out of date! 

Mesibov, R. 1987. Distribution and Conservation Status of Two Undescribed Onychophoran Species in North-East Tasmania. (Unpublished report to the Plomley Foundation; 14 pp.)

Report of distribution mapping of Tasmanipatus anophthalmus and T. barretti, here called the Blind Velvet Worm and the Giant Velvet Worm, respectively, for the first time. First report of BVW/GVW parapatry. 

Mesibov, R. 1988. Tasmanian Onychophora. A Report for the Department of Lands, Parks and Wildlife. (Unpublished; 44 pp.)

Report of new distribution mapping, with a catalog of all known locality records for the Blind Velvet Worm, Giant Velvet Worm, 'Euperipatoides leuckarti' and 'Ooperipatellus insignis'. Specimen photographs. Conservation overview and recommendations for the BVW and GVW. 

Mesibov, R. 1990. Velvet worms: a special case of fauna conservation. Tasforests 2: 53-56.

Article aimed at foresters. Describes velvet worms generally and conservation management for Tasmanipatus spp. ('Blind Velvet Worm', 'Giant Velvet Worm') in particular. 

Mesibov, R. 1991a. Report on Cable-Logging Operations in Progress in the Haley's Creek Wildlife Priority Area. (Unpublished report to Forestry Commission dated 27 February 1991; 6 pp.)

Notes on the coupe Urana 07A within one of the three Wildlife Priority Areas for Tasmanipatus barretti ('Giant Velvet Worm'). Trial clearfelling of 80 ha was in progress at the time of the site visit. Includes several recommendations for logging management and advises that the logged coupe should not be burned. 

Mesibov, R. 1991b. NRCP (Invertebrates) Project J026. Supplementary Report. Distribution and Conservation Status of an Undescribed Onychophoran from Northwest Tasmania. (Unpublished report to Forestry Commission dated 4 December 1991; 13 pp.)

Report of first distribution mapping of Ooperipatellus cryptus ('Ooperipatellus n. sp.'). Known occurrences to this date were all within Circular Head municipality. 

Mesibov, R. 1992. Terrestrial invertebrates. Pp. 29-312 in Harries, D.N. (ed.). Forgotten Wilderness: North West Tasmania. Hobart: Tasmanian Conservation Trust; 378 pp.

Lists a number of unnamed millipedes including the new Pedder River species, now Lissodesmus orarius. 

Mesibov, R. 1993a. Litter Invertebrates in the Coastal Zone of the Arthur-Pieman Area, Northwest Tasmania. Unpublished report to the Tasmanian Conservation Trust dated August 1993; 23 pp.

Includes distribution map for the Pedder River species of Mesibov (1992), here called Lissodesmus sp. NW4 (now Lissodesmus orarius). Also includes the first Tasmanian record of Cylindroiulus latestriatus. 

Mesibov, R. 1993b. Species-Level Comparison of Litter Invertebrates from Three Vegetation Types in Northwest Tasmania. Tasmanian NRCP Technical Report No. 13. Hobart: Forestry Commission, Tasmania, and Department of Environment, Sport and Territories, Canberra; 35 pp.

MILLIPEDES: Mostly records unnamed millipedes. In this study, Australeuma simile was only caught in closed rainforest. The same species in Southwest Tasmania seems to be more abundant in buttongrass moorland than in rainforest, and in the Northwest A. simile is common in E. nitens plantations (unpublished observations)
VELVET WORMS: Includes first report (p. 29) of 'swarming' by Ooperipatellus sp., probably O. decoratus 

Mesibov, R. 1993c. Contractor's Report: Rare Velvet Worm Project. (Unpublished report to Forestry Commision dated January 1993; 13 pp.)

Fine-scale mapping of Ooperipatellus cryptus ('Ooperipatellus n. sp.') in the Christmas Hills area. The species is shown to tolerate clearfelling, burning and regeneration to native forest. 

Mesibov, R. 1994. Faunal breaks in Tasmania and their significance for invertebrate conservation. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 36(1): 133-136.

Defines Plomley's Island and the East Tamar and Goulds Country Breaks, in part with reference to millipede distributions. 

Mesibov, R. 1995a. Contractor's Report: Giant Velvet Worms and Logging in Eastern Tiers District. (Unpublished report to Forestry Tasmania dated September 1995; 7 pp.)

Report of a search for T. barretti in coupe Urana 07A four years after clearfelling (see Mesibov 1991a) and in two unlogged coupes near Pyengana Saddle. Velvet worms had survived the trial logging in UR07A and microhabitat conditions (in unburned, now-rotting logging slash, protected by a dense shrub and fern layer) were ideal for their continued survival. 

Mesibov, R. 1995b. Distribution and ecology of the centipede Craterostigmus tasmanianus Pocock, 1902 (Chilopoda: Craterostigmomorpha: Craterostigmidae) in Tasmania. The Tasmanian Naturalist 117: 2-7.

Still up-to-date, apart from the distribution map. 

Mesibov, R. 1996a. Contractor's Report: Inspection of Urana 07A and Surrounds After the October, 1995 Wildfire. (Unpublished report to Forestry Tasmania dated 2 January 1996; 6 pp.)

A wildfire burned through the logged coupe UR07A shortly after the inspection reported in Mesibov (1995). The fire incinerated the logging slash 'mulch' and rotting logs, apparently eliminating velvet worms. Adjacent standing forest was also burned but ground fuels were sparse, and velvet worms and other litter invertebrates could still be found in surface-charred logs. The report recommends that clearfelling no longer be permitted in velvet worm Wildlife Priority Areas due to the risk of post-logging wildfire. 

Mesibov, R. 1996b. Invertebrate Bioregions in Tasmania. Report to Tasmanian RFA Environment and Heritage Technical Committee. [online as www.rfa.gov.au/rfa/tas/raa/other/invert/index.html]

Uses millipede and other distributions as evidence for faunal breaks. 

Mesibov, R. 1997a. The Blind Velvet Worm ( Tasmanipatus anophthalmus Ruhberg et al. 1991): A Background Report for Conservation Planners. (Unpublished report to the Threatened Species Unit dated 15 April 1997; 30 pp.)

Reports almost everything known to 1997 about T. anophthalmus; includes a history of searches. 

Mesibov, R. 1997b. Contractor's Report: Land Snails, Landhoppers, Millipedes and Carabid Beetles in Mature and Regrowth Forest Near Tahune Bridge. Unpublished report for Forestry Tasmania, July 1997; 13 pp.

Old-growth and ca. 25 year-old silvicultural regrowth sites in the Southern Forests were sampled with equal search effort. Most of the millipede species collected were abundant in regrowth. 

Mesibov, R. 1997c. A zoogeographical singularity at Weavers Creek, Tasmania. Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria 56: 563-573.

CENTIPEDES: Includes distribution maps for Tasmanophilus spp.
MILLIPEDES: Detailed mapping of a section of the East Tamar Break. Includes distribution maps for Lissodesmus adrianae, L. alisonae, L. spp. E1, NE1 and NE3, Tasmanodesmus hardyi and two unnamed Polydesmida. 

Mesibov, R. 1998a. Curious, yes, but not all that rare. Invertebrata [Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery newsletter, July 1998] 11: 6.

Popular article on Tasmanian velvet worms, mainly on oviparous forms. Includes then-current distribution map of the latter. 

Mesibov, R. 1998b. Species-level comparison of litter invertebrates at two rainforest sites in Tasmania. Tasforests 10: 141-157.

Mainly records unnamed millipedes from 'matched' rainforest sites ca. 200 km apart. Of 18 species collected, only one was found at both sites. 

Mesibov, R. 1998c. Progress Report on QVMAG Cave Millipedes - September 1998. Unpublished QVMAG report; 13 pp.

Lists more than 30 millipede species (mostly unnamed) collected by Stefan Eberhard in his Tasmania-wide cave survey (Eberhard et al. 1991). Brief discussion of cave adaptations, illustrations of troglobitic forms. 

Mesibov, R. 1998d. Velvet Worms in Plantations. (Unpublished report to Forestry Tasmania dated 9 October 1998; 5 pp.)

Documents successful searches for Ooperipatellus cryptus in 15-year-old Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus nitens plantations near the Dial Range, and for Ooperipatellus sp. in P. radiata and E. globulus plantations near Burnie and Wynyard. Aerial photographs of the Dial Range-area sites show that the plantations had been established on cleared land, suggesting that O. cryptus can invade new, artificial forest from small fragments of remnant native vegetation along flowlines. 

Mesibov, R. 1999. The Mersey Break: an unexplained faunal boundary on the north coast of Tasmania. Pp. 246-252 in Ponder, W. and Lunney, D. (eds) The Other 99%. The Conservation and Biodiversity of Invertebrates. Mosman (NSW): Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales; 454 pp.

Defines this faunal break with 11 millipede distributions (mapped): Tasmaniosoma armatum, Tasmaniosoma sp. 2, dalodesmid genus A spp. 1 and 4, dalodesmid genus C spp. 1 and 2, dalodesmid genus D spp. 1 and 2, paradoxosomatid n.sp. and siphonotids 'SipIns' and 'SipSex' . Distribution maps are also given for Lissodesmus alisonae and siphonotid 'HetAus'. 

Mesibov, R. 2000. An overview of the Tasmanian millipede fauna. The Tasmanian Naturalist 122: 15-28.

Now taxonomically out of date. 

Mesibov, R. 2001a. The curious case of the phantom peripatus. Invertebrata [Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery newsletter, March 2001] 19: 8-9.

Involvement of Ooperipatellus cryptus in the purchase by the State government of a large private block in NW Tasmania. 

Mesibov, R. 2001b. Giant Velvet Worms (Tasmanipatus barretti) and plantations. (Unpublished report to the project Linking landscape ecology and management to population viability analysis, University of Melbourne; dated 4 August 2001; 5 pp.)

In recent deliberate searches, T. barretti was readily found in native forest adjoining plantations but not in the plantations, despite the presence of 'legacy' eucalypt logs in the latter. 

Mesibov, R. 2001c. The Milabena Marvel, or why single-species conservation is inappropriate for cryptic invertebrates. The Tasmanian Naturalist 123: 16-23.

Conserving an elusive polyxenidan, here tentatively identified as Propolyxenus forsteri. 

Mesibov, R. 2002. Redescriptions of Asphalidesmus leae Silvestri, 1910 and A. parvus (Chamberlin, 1920) comb. nov. from Tasmania, Australia (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Haplodesmidae). Memoirs of Museum Victoria 59(2): 531-540.

Makes Atopodesmus a synonym of Asphalidesmus. Includes distribution maps. 

Mesibov, R. 2003a. Lineage mosaics in millipedes. African Invertebrates 44(1): 203-212.

General discussion with Tasmanian examples. 

Mesibov, R. 2003b. The millipede genus Gasterogramma (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae) in Tasmania, Australia, with descriptions of seven new species. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 60(2): 207-219.

First descriptions of G. austrinum, G. extremum, G. imber, G. plomleyi, G. rusticum, G. tarkinense and G. wynyardense. Includes distribution and other details for these seven and G. psi Jeekel, 1982. 

Mesibov, R. 2003c. A new genus of Tasmanian millipedes (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Dalodesmidae) with unusual spiracles and a mosaic distribution. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 60(2): 197-206.

Makes Lissodesmus margaretae Jeekel, 1984 the type species of the new genus Dasystigma. First descriptions of D. bonhami, D. huonense and D. tyleri. Includes distribution and other details for all four species. 

Mesibov, R. 2003d. Two new and unusual genera of millipedes (Diplopoda: Polydesmida) from Tasmania, Australia. Zootaxa 368: 1-32.

First descriptions of Paredrodesmus aceriodendron, P. australis, P. bicalcar, P. monticolus, P. purpureus and P. taurulus (type species). First descriptions of Procophorella bashfordi and P. innupta (type species). Includes distribution and other details. 

Mesibov, R. 2004a. A new genus of millipedes (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae) from Tasmania, Australia with a mosaic distribution. Zootaxa 480: 1-23.

First descriptions of Atrophotergum bonhami, A. montanum, A. pastorale, A. silvaticum (type species), A. sodalis and A. wurrawurraense. Includes distribution and other details. 

Mesibov, R. 2004b. A new genus and four new species of millipedes from Tasmania, Australia (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae), with notes on male leg setae in some Tasmanian dalodesmids. Zootaxa 558: 1-19.

First descriptions of Bromodesmus catrionae (type species), B. militaris, B. riparius and B. rufus. Includes distribution and other details. 

Mesibov, R. 2004c. Redescription of Tasmanodesmus hardyi Chamberlin, 1920 (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae). Myriapodologica 8(3): 21-36.

Includes distribution and other details. 

Mesibov, R. 2005a. Native species dominate the millipede fauna in a second-rotation Pinus radiata plantation in Tasmania, Australia. Pacific Conservation Biology 11:17-22.

Documents the millipede fauna in Stoodley Plantation, between Railton and Sheffield. 

Mesibov, R. 2005b. A new genus of burrowing and cave-dwelling millipedes (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae) from Tasmania, Australia. Zootaxa 1034: 21-42.

First descriptions of Atalopharetra johnsi (type species), A. bashfordi, A. clarkei and A. eberhardi. Includes distribution and other details. 

Mesibov, R. 2005c. A new genus of millipede (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae) with a pseudo-articulated gonopod telopodite. Zootaxa 1064: 39-49.

First descriptions of Ginglymodesmus tasmanianus (type species), G. penelopae and G. sumac. Includes distribution and other details. 

Mesibov, R. 2006. The millipede genus Lissodesmus Chamberlin, 1920 (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae) from Tasmania and Victoria, with descriptions of a new genus and 24 new species. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 62(2): 103-146.

First descriptions of L. anas, L. bashfordi, L. clivulus, L. cognatus, L. cornutus, L. devexus, L. hamatus, L. horridomontis, L. inopinatus, L. latus, L. montanus, L. orarius, L. peninsulenis, L. plomleyi and Tasmanopeltis grandis. Includes distribution and other details for all species. 

Mesibov, R. 2009. A new millipede genus and a new species of Asphalidesmus Silvestri, 1910 (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidea) from southern Tasmania, Australia. ZooKeys 7: 55-74.

First descriptions of Noteremus infimus, N. summus and Asphalidesmus golovatchi. Includes distribution and other details for the three species. 

Mesibov, R. 2010a. The millipede genus Tasmaniosoma Verhoeff, 1936 (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae) from Tasmania, Australia, with descriptions of 18 new species. ZooKeys 41: 31-80.

Redescription of Tasmaniosoma armatum Verhoeff, 1936 and first descriptions of T. alces, T. aureorivum, T. australe, T. barbatulum, T. bruniense, T. cacofonix, T. clarksonorum, T. compitale, T. decussatum, T. fasciculum, T. fragile, T. gerdiorivum, T. hesperium, T. hickmanorum, T. laccobium, T. maria, T. orientale and T. warra. Includes distribution and other details for all species. 

Mesibov, R. 2010b. Two new millipede genera from northwest Tasmania, Australia (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae). Zootaxa 2571: 53-61.

First descriptions and other details for Dysmicodesmus jeekeli and Setoisenoton pallidus. 

Mesibov, R. and Churchill, T.B. 2003. Patterns in pitfall captures of millipedes (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae) at coastal heathland sites in Tasmania. Australian Zoologist 32(3): 431-438.

Documents overwhelming dominance of paradoxosomatids in far northeastern heathlands, gives seasonal trapping results for Notodesmus scotius and Pogonosternum sp. 

Mesibov, R. and Ruhberg, H. 1991. Ecology and conservation of Tasmanipatus barretti and T. anophthalmus, parapatric onychophorans (Onychophora: Peripatopsidae) from northeastern Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 125: 11-16.

Apparently the first published report of parapatry in velvet worms. 

Mesibov, R., Bonham, K.J., Doran, N., Meggs, J., Munks, S., Otley, H. and Richards, K. 2002. Single-species sampling in Tasmania: an inefficient approach to invertebrate conservation? Invertebrate Systematics 16: 655-663.

MILLIPEDES: Includes documentation of fine-scale mapping of Lissodesmus alisonae.
VELVET WORMS: Includes information on Ooperipatellus cryptus, Tasmanipatus anophthalmus and T. barretti, showing how targeted searches increased knowledge of range size. 

Mesibov, R., Taylor, R.J. and Brereton, R. N. 1995. Relative efficiency of pitfall trapping and hand-collecting from plots for sampling of millipedes. Biodiversity and Conservation 4: 429-439.

'Millipedes were sampled by hand-collecting from plots and by pitfall trapping at three forest sites in central Tasmania. Seven days of pitfall trapping each month over one year was less efficient than four weeks of hand-collecting in autumn, yielding fewer species and fewer specimens per working day in the field. Hand-collecting is likely to provide more accurate data on species diversity and relative abundance of a range of litter invertebrates.' [Abstract, p. 429] 

Müller, C.H.G. and Meyer-Rochow, V.B. 2006. Fine structural description of the lateral ocellus of Craterostigmus tasmanianus Pocock, 1902 (Chilopoda: Craterostigmomorpha) and phylogenetic considerations. Journal of Morphology 267(7): 850-865.

'The eye of C. tasmanianus seemingly displays very high complexity compared to many other hitherto studied euarthropod eyes.' 

Murienne, J., Edgecombe, G.D. and Giribet, G. 2010. Including secondary structure, fossils and molecular dating in the centipede tree of life. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57: 301-313.

Tasmanian species included in tree-building. 

Newport, G. 1845. Monograph of the Class Myriapoda, Order Chilopoda. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 19: 265-302, 349-437 + plates.

Describes (p. 372) Henicops maculata from a Tasmanian specimen loaned by J.O. Westwood. Describes (p. 433) Arthronomalus opinatus from material in the British Museum said to be from 'Novâ Hollandiâ et Ins. Van Diemen?' ('?' in the original). 

Oliveira, I.S., Read, V.M.St.J. and Mayer, G. 2012. A world checklist of Onychophora (velvet worms), with notes on nomenclature and status of names. ZooKeys 211: 1-70.

Reinstates Ooperipatellus spenceri (Cockerell, 1913) as a valid but inadequately described species, and demotes O. cryptus to a nomen dubium requiring redescription and designation of a type specimen. 

Özdikmen, H. 2009. New names for two preoccupied centipede genera (Chilopoda). Munis Entomology and Zoology 4(1): 227-229.

Proposes replacement name Edgecombegdus for the preoccupied name Nothofagobius. 

Pocock, R.I. 1891. Descriptions of some new Geophilidae in the collection of the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (series 6) 8: 215-227.

Description of 'Geophilus (?) laticeps' n. sp. from King Island. 

Pocock, R.I. 1901. The Chilopoda or centipedes of the Australian continent. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (series 7) 8: 451-463.

[discussing Henicops maculatus] 'The British Museum also has damaged specimens of apparently the same species from Tasmania and from Fern Tree Gully, Wood's Point Road and Loch in Gippsland, Victoria, presented by Professor Baldwin Spencer, F.R.S.' (p. 453). 

Pocock, R.I. 1902. A new and annectant type of chilopod. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 45: 417-448.

Detailed first description of Craterostigmus tasmanianus n. gen., n. sp. and discussion of its relationships, based on the type specimens from Mt Rumney. 

Prunescu, C. 1965. Les systèmes génital et trachéal de Craterostigmus (Craterostigmomorpha, Chilopoda). Revue Roumaine de Biologie, Série de Zoologie 10(5): 309-314.

Descriptions based on Tasmanian material (V.V. Hickman to S.M. Manton to C. Prunescu). 

Prunescu, C. and Prunescu, P. 2006. Rudimentary supernumerary Malpighian tubules in the order Craterostigmomorpha Pocock, 1902. Norwejian Journal of Entomology 53: 113-118.

Differences noted between Tasmanian and New Zealand Craterostigmus. 

Prunescu, C.C., Mesibov, R. and Shinohara, K. 1996. Preliminary data on the anatomy of the genital systems in Craterostigmus tasmanianus (Craterostigmomorpha) and Esastigmatobius longitarsis (Henicopidae, Lithobiomorpha) (Chilopoda). Pp. 341-346 in Geoffroy, J.-J., Mauriès, J.-P. and Nguyen-Duy Jacquemin, M. (eds.), Acta Myriapodologica. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris 169.

Study based on Tasmanian specimens of Craterostigmus. 

Regier, J.C. and Shultz, J.W.. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Myriapoda (Arthropoda) using two nuclear protein-coding genes. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 132: 469-486.

Includes sequences from Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Regier, J.C., Wilson, H.M. and Shultz, J.W.. 2005. Phylogenetic analysis of Myriapoda using three nuclear protein-coding genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 147-158.

Includes sequences from Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Regier, J.C., Shultz, J.W., Zwick, A., Hussey, A., Ball, B., Wetzer, R., Martin, J.W. and Cunningham, C.W. 2010. Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences. Nature 463: 1079-1083.

Includes sequences from Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Reid, A. 1996. Review of the Peripatopsidae (Onychophora) in Australia, with comments on peripatopsid relationships. Invertebrate Taxonomy 10(4): 663-936.

Includes redescriptions of Tasmanipatus anophthalmus (here misspelled 'anopthalmus') and T. barretti. Also includes descriptions of two western ovoviviparous forms under the names 'Tasmania' sp. 1 (Southwest) and 'Tasmania' sp. 2 (West Coast). Reid redescribes the genus Ooperipatellus but does not include Tasmanian species in this monograph. 

Richardson, A.M.M., Swain, R. and Shepherd, C. 1997. The strandline fauna of beaches on the East Coast of Tasmania. Hobart: Zoology Department, University of Tasmania; 126 pp.

'A single group of centipedes, the Geophilomorpha, dominated the chilopods collected, to the extent that only a single specimen of one other centipede was collected. The geophilomorphs, however, were extremely common, over 1000 specimens being collected on some beaches...' (p. 43). The centipedes were pitfall-trapped in, just above and just below the strandline. 

Richardson, A.M.M., Swain, R. and Shepherd, C. 1998. The strandline fauna of beaches on the North and West Coasts of Tasmania, Flinders and King Islands. Hobart: Zoology Department, University of Tasmania; 134 pp.

See Richardson et al. 1997. 'As in the east coast survey, geophilomorph centipedes were a common taxon on many beaches, especially in Bass Strait...' (p. 33) 

Rosenberg, J., Müller, C.H.G. and Hilken, G. 2006. Ultrastructural organization of the anal organs in the anal capsule of Craterostigmus tasmanianus Pocock, 1902 (Chilopoda, Craterostigmomorpha). Journal of Morphology 267(3): 265-272.

'The anal organs of C. tasmanianus are thought to play an important role in the uptake of atmospheric water.' 

Rowe, M. and Sierwald, P. 2006. Morphological and systematic study of the tribe Australiosomatini (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidea: Paradoxosomatidae) and a revision of the genus Australiosoma Brölemann. Invertebrate Systematics 20: 527-556.

Includes redescription of Akamptogonus novarae. 

Rowell, D.M. and Higgins, A.V. 1995. The use of chromosomal data in the systematics of viviparous onychophorans from Australia (Onychophora: Peripatopsidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 114: 139-153.

Includes the karyology of western Tasmanian ovoviviparous forms (unnamed). 2n = 18, and the chromosome patterns support the allozyme-based distinction of a West Coast species and a Southwest species (Smith and Gilfedder 1993). 

Rowell, D.M., Rockman. M.V. and Tait, N.N. 2002. Extensive Robertsonian rearrangement: implications for the radiation and biogeography of Planipapillus Reid (Onychophora: Peripatopsidae). Journal of Zoology (London) 257: 171-179.

Includes chromosome data for an 'Ooperipatellus' sp. from Cradle Mountain. 

Ruhberg, H. 1985. Die Peripatopsidae (Onychophora). Systematik, Ökologie, Chorologie und phylogenetische Aspekte. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 137: 1-183.

Erects Euperipatoides gen. nov. and Ooperipatellus gen. nov. Ovoviviparous Tasmanian specimens (West Coast) assigned to E. leuckarti (Saenger, 1869). All oviparous Tasmanian forms (including Ooperipatus decoratus Baehr, 1977) assigned to Ooperipatellus insignis (Dendy, 1890). 

Ruhberg, H. and Mesibov, R. 1996. Some observations on the onychophoran fauna of Tasmania. In Geoffroy, J.-J., Mauries, J.-P., and Nguyen Duy-Jacquemin, M. (eds.), Acta Myriapodologica. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle 169: 139-150.

General overview of then-current knowledge. 

Ruhberg, H., Mesibov, R., Briscoe, D.A. and Tait, N.N. 1991. Tasmanipatus barretti gen. nov., sp. nov. and T. anophthalmus sp. nov.: two new and unusual onychophorans (Onychophora: Peripatopsidae) from northeastern Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 125: 7-10.

Formally describes the two Tasmanipatus species. 

Ruhberg, H., Tiemann, H., Mette, A. and Rhode, B. 2001. Evolutionäre Aspekte der Augen-Rückbildung beim hemiedaphischen Onychophoren Tasmanipatus anophthalmus Ruhberg et al., 1991 (Peripatopsidae). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 98: 31-50.

Anatomical and ultrastructural study of eyes in T. anophthalmus and T. barretti. The former species has no external eye, but the authors demonstrate the presence of a degenerate 'inner eye' beneath the integument at the antennal base in this 'blind' velvet worm. 

Rushton, S. 1990. The Taxonomy of Tasmanian Rainforest Symphyla. (Unpublished report to the National Rainforest Conservation Program; 43 pp.)

(Not seen) Precursor of the Tasmanian Hanseniella review published in 1996 by Simone Clark nee Rushton and Penny Greenslade. 

Savage River Caving Club Inc. 1996. The Caves and Karst of Mt Cripps. Burnie: Savage River Caving Club Inc.; 117 pp.

Velvet worms (Ooperipatellus spp.) have been seen in five Mt Cripps caves and are regarded as visitors rather than obligate cave inhabitants (see p. 108). 

Scheller, U. 1961. A review of the Australian Symphyla (Myriapoda). Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 140-171.

Excellent review, but omits mention of either Scutigerella tasma Hilton, 1943 or Tasmaniella hardyi Chamberlin, 1920. 

Scheller, U. 1996. A new troglobitic species of Hanseniella Bagnall (Symphyla: Scutigerellidae) from Tasmania. Australian Journal of Entomology 35: 203-207.

Describes Hanseniella magna n. sp. from King George V and Newdegate Caves in southern Tasmania.  H. magna 'is the largest symphylan ever collected' (p. 203).  Also notes that the types of S. tasma Hilton, 1943 no longer exist, the species diagnosis is poor and the name should be considered a nomen dubium. 

Scheller, U. 2009. New species of Pauropoda (Myriapoda) from Tasmanian temperate rainforests. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 66: 289-329.

Describes the 17 new species given code names in Greenslade (2008). 

Shear, W.A. and Mesibov, R. 1994. Australian chordeumatidan millipeds. I. New observations on the genus Peterjohnsia Mauriès, with the description of a new species from Tasmania (Diplopoda: Chordeumatida: Peterjohnsiidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 8: 535-544.

First description of Peterjohnsia titan. 

Shear, W.A. and Mesibov, R. 1995. Australian chordeumatidan millipeds. II. A new species of Reginaterreuma Mauriès from Tasmania (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Metopidiotrichidae). Myriapodologica 3(8): 71-77.

First description of Reginaterreuma tarkinensis. 

Shear, W.A. and Mesibov, R. 1997. Australian chordeumatidan millipedes. III. A review of the millipede family Metopidiotrichidae Attems in Australia (Diplopoda: Chordeumatida). Invertebrate Taxonomy 11: 141-178.

First descriptions of Australeuma golovatchi and A. mauriesi; Neocambrisoma cachinnus and N. fieldensis; Nesiothrix mangana and N. medialis. Schedotrigona tasmanica transferred to Nesiothrix. Includes distribution maps for the 11 named Tasmanian Chordeumatida. 

Shelley, R.M. and Lehtinen, P.T. 1998. Introduced millipeds of the family Paradoxosomatidae on Pacific Islands (Diplopoda: Polydesmida). Arthropoda Selecta 7(2): 81-94.

Includes redescriptions and illustrations of Akamptogonus novarae, Oxidus gracilis, Asiomorpha coarctata and other widely introduced paradoxosomatids. 

Short, M. and Huynh, C. 2006. Redescription of Phryssonotus novaehollandiae (Silvestri, 1923) with details of post-embryonic stadia. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 53: 211-222.

Published before P. novaehollandiae was found in Tasmania. 

Short, M. and Huynh, C. 2009. Phryssonotus novaehollandiae Silvestri, 1923: the sole Australian representative of the millipede Family Synxenidae. Soil Organisms 81(3): 695-700.

Shows Australia-wide distribution of P. novaehollandiae. 

Short, M. and Huynh, C. 2010. Revision of the genus Propolyxenus Silvestri with description of a new species. International Journal of Myriapodology 3: 1-17.

Includes first description of P. australis. 

Short, M. and Huynh, C. 2011. The genus Unixenus Jones, 1944 (Diplopoda, Penicillata, Polyxenida) in Australia. ZooKeys 156: 105-122.

Includes first description of U. corticolus. 

Silvestri, F. 1910. Descrizioni preliminari di nuovi generi di Diplopodi. I. Polydesmoidea. Zoologischer Anzeiger 35: 357-364.

Includes first description of Asphalidesmus leae. 

Silvestri, F. 1917. Materiali per una revisione dei Diplopoda Oniscomorpha. II. Specie di Sphaeroteriidae delle regioni australiana e neozelandese a me note. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scoula Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 12: 61-85.

Includes first descriptions of Procyliosoma leae and P. tasmanicum. 

Smith, S.J. and Gilfedder, L. ('with contributions from P.B. Brown, S.J. Bryant, M.N. Hutchinson, P.R. Last, P.B. McQuillan, N. Mooney, W.F. Ponder, R. Swain, N.N. Tait and D.A. Briscoe, J.P. Whinam and L.E. Wall'). 1993. Threatened, rare and localised plants and animals - an overview. Pp. 129-143 in Smith, S.J. and Banks, M.R. (eds.), Tasmanian Wilderness - World Heritage Values. Hobart: Royal Society of Tasmania; 196 pp [October 1993].

Pp. 136-138 in this paper offer results of allozyme electrophoretic analysis of ovoviviparous and oviparous Tasmanian velvet worms collected by Briscoe and Tait in 1987. Western ovoviviparous forms are separated as two (unnamed, undescribed) species not conspecific with New South Wales Euperipatoides leuckarti. Oviparous forms are mapped as seven (unnamed, undescribed) species not conspecific with Victorian Ooperipatellus insignis. 

Spencer, B. 1895. Notes on the presence of Peripatus insignis in Tasmania. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (n.s.) 7: 31-32.

'Whilst in Tasmania during the summer of 1893 I searched for Peripatus on Mount Wellington, in the Lake St. Clair district, around Dee Bridge and Parattah. Though the localities were apparently favourable ones I only succeeded in finding it at Dee Bridge, where, under fallen logs and within the space of half an acre I found some fifteen specimens.' (p. 31) 

Sunnucks, P. and Tait, N. 2001. Tales of the unexpected. Nature Australia 27(1): 60-69.

Popular article on reproductive biology and genetics of NSW velvet worms. Includes beautiful 2-page colour photo of a live 'Tasmania' sp. specimen from southwest Tasmania by Kathie Atkinson. 

Tait, N.N. and Briscoe, D.A. 1987. Report on WHA Directed Research Contract to Dr. N.N. Tait and Dr. D.A. Briscoe: Onychophora in Tasmania. (Unpublished report to the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service dated July 1987; 9 pp.)

Report of a February 1987 around-Tasmania field trip and a preliminary morphological sort of the material. Tentatively assigns 15-legpair, ovoviviparous forms from the west to Euperipatoides leuckarti. Discovery of Tasmanipatus anophthalmus ('Gen. nov. sp. nov.') and first report of T. barretti ('Euperipatoides sp. nov.). Brief descriptions of five forms of Ooperipatellus insignis, one of which ('taxon D') is clearly O. cryptus. 

Tait, N. and Briscoe, D. 1989. Peripatus: up here for thinking? Australian Natural History 22(12): 57-579.

Popular article on Australian velvet worms. Includes photograph of Tasmanipatus anophthalmus ('white peripatus') and brief notes on its discovery and peculiarities. 

Tait, N.N. and Briscoe, D.A. 1990. Scientific Report. The Onychophoran Fauna of Tasmania. (Unpublished report to the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service, not dated, year uncertain; 17 pp.)

Follow-up report to Tait and Briscoe (1987). Includes results of allozyme electrophoretic analysis of ovoviviparous material. 

Tait, N.N., Briscoe, D.A. and Rowell, D.M. 1995. Onychophora - ancient and modern radiations. Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Paleontologists 18: 21-30.

Includes allozyme electrophoretic analysis of relationships of western Tasmanian ovoviviparous forms (unnamed) with mainland Australian forms. 

Tait, N.N., Stuchbury, R.J. and Briscoe, D.A. 1990. Review of the discovery and identification of Onychophora in Australia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 112(3): 153-171.

Excellent summary of the early literature and its background, with brief notes on recent work. On p. 166 the authors use the names 'Tasmanipatus barretti n. gen. n.sp.' and 'T. anophthalmus n.sp.' and a citation of Ruhberg et al. (1991), although the latter had not yet been published. 

Taylor, R. 1990. Forest Practices Fauna Manual. Hobart: Forestry Commission; 41 pp [January 1990].

Includes first report of conservation management of Tasmanipatus spp. ('Blind Velvet Worm', 'Giant Velvet Worm') in State forest. Photo of T. barretti. 

Taylor, R., Mesibov, R., Brereton, R. and Bonham, K. 1997. Terrestrial fauna of Cataract Gorge Reserve, Launceston. The Tasmanian Naturalist 119: 46-58.

Records of the introduced species Brachydesmus superus, Cylindroiulus latestriatus, Ommatoiulus moreleti and Ophyiulus pilosus. 

Todd, J.J. and Horwitz, P.H.J. 1990. Spreading insects through firewood collection in Tasmania. Australian Forestry 53(3): 154-159.

Hobart woodpiles yielded specimens of Henicops maculatus, Lithobius peregrinus and a Zelanion (=Steneurytion) sp. 

Verhoeff, K.W. 1936. Die Sphaerotrichopidae der südlichen Halbkugel und ihre Beziehungen. Zoologischer Anzeiger 114(1/2): 1-14.

Includes first description of Tasmaniosoma armatum. 

Verhoeff, K.W. 1937. Über einige Chilopoden aus Australien und Tasmanien. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik 70: 1-16.

Erects Tasmaniophilus n. gen. for T. nichollsii n. sp. from Mt Wellington. 

Verhoeff, K.W. 1944. Zur Kenntnis der Cambaliden und über einige neue australische Formen derselben. Zoologischer Anzeiger 145: 27-45.

Includes first descriptions of Amastigogonus fossuliger and A. nichollsii. 

Wesener, T. and VandenSpiegel, D. 2009. A first phylogenetic analysis of Giant Pill-Millipedes (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida), a new model Gondwanan taxon, with special emphasis on island gigantism. Cladistics 25: 545-573.

Detailed morphological analysis shows Tasmanian Procyliosoma deserve placement in new family Procyliosomatidae. Analysis uses P. leae from Paloona in the Northwest and an undescribed species from the St Marys area. 

Winsor, L. 1983. Onychophorans (Arthropoda: Onychophora) from the Franklin River Area, South Western Tasmania. Report on a Collection Made by the A.N.Z.S.E.S. Expedition, 1983. (Unpublished typescript dated October 1983; 4 pp.)

First report and brief description of ovoviviparous velvet worms from western Tasmania with 15 pairs of legs, here identified as Peripatoides leuckarti. 

Wirkner, C.S. and Pass, G. 2002. The circulatory system in Chilopoda: functional morphology and phylogenetic aspects. Acta Zoologica 83: 193-202.

Includes study of Tasmanian Craterostigmus. 

Yee, M. Grove, S.J. and Borrer Closs, L. 2007. Giant velvet worms (Tasmanipatus barretti) and postharvest regeneration burns in Tasmania. Ecological Management and Restoration 8(1): 66–71.

A study of giant velvet worm microhabitat (rotting logs).